The viola (/viˈlə/ or /vˈlə/)[1] is a bowed string instrument. It is slichtly lairger than a violin in size an haes a deeper soond. Syne the 18t century it haes been the middle vyce o the violin faimily, atween the violin (which is tuned a perfect fift abuin it) an the cello (which is tuned an octave belaw it).[2]

A viola shawn frae the front an the side
String instrument
Ither namesFrench: alto;
German: Bratsche
Hornbostel–Sachs classification321.322-71
chordophone soondit
bi a bow)
Relatit instruments


  1. Only the pronunciation /viˈlə/ (vee-OH-lə) is used in US English, as shown by the entries in the American Heritage Dictionary and the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, but both this pronunciation and /vˈlə/ (vy-OH-lə) are used in UK English, as shown by the entries in the Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary and the Oxford Dictionaries. Compare with the US and UK pronunciations of the flower called viola.
  2. Until the end of the 17th century there was the tenor violin, tuned a perfect fourth below the viola.