Ur (Sumerian: Urim;[1] Sumerian Cuneiform: 𒋀𒀕𒆠 URIM2KI or 𒋀𒀊𒆠 URIM5KI;[2] Akkadian: Uru;[3] Arabic: أور‎) wis an important Sumerian ceety-state in auncient Mesopotamie, locatit at the steid of modren Tell el-Muqayyar (Arabic: تل المقير‎) in sooth Iraq's Dhi Qar Govrenorate.[4]

Ur
Arabic: أور
Ur-Nassiriyah.jpg
The ruins o Ur, wi the Ziggurat o Ur veesible in the backgrund
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LocationTell el-Muqayyar, Dhi Qar Province, Iraq
RegionMesopotamie
Coordinates30°57′45″N 46°06′11″E / 30.96250°N 46.10306°E / 30.96250; 46.10306Coordinates: 30°57′45″N 46°06′11″E / 30.96250°N 46.10306°E / 30.96250; 46.10306
TeepSettlement
History
Foonditc. 3800 BC
Abandonedefter 500 BC
PeriodsUbaid period tae Airn Age
CultursSumerian
Site notes
Excavation dates1853-1854, 1922-1934
AirchaeologistsJohn Taylor, Charles Woolley

ReferencesEedit

  1. S. N. Kramer (1963). The Sumerians, Their History, Culture, and Character. University of Chicago Press, pages 28 and 298.
  2. Literal transliteration Archived 2016-01-15 at the Wayback Machine: Urim2 = ŠEŠ. ABgunu = ŠEŠ.UNUG (𒋀𒀕) and Urim5 = ŠEŠ.AB (𒋀𒀊), where ŠEŠ=URI3 (The Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature.)
  3. The Cambridge Ancient History: Prolegomena & Prehistory. Vol. 1, Part 1. p. 149. Accessed 15 Dec 2010.
  4. Tell el-Muqayyar in Arabic Tell means "moond" or "hill" and Muqayyar means "biggit o bitumen." Muqayyar is variously transcribit as Mugheir, Mughair, Moghair, etc.