A trade union is an organisation o wirkers wha hae come thegither tae achieve common goals such as peotectin the integrity o its trade, improvin safety staundarts, achievin heicher pay an benefits such as heal care an retirement, increasin the nummer o employees an employer assigns tae complete the wirk, an better wirkin condeetions. The trade union, throu its leadership, bargains wi the employer on behalf o union members an negotiates labour contracts (collective bargainin) wi employers. The maist common purpose o thir associations or unions is "maintainin or improvin the condeetions o thair employment". This mey include the negotiation o wages, wirk rules, complaint procedures, rules govrenin hirin, firin an promotion o wirkers, benefits, wirkplace safety an policies.
- Webb, Sidney; Webb, Beatrice (1920). History of Trade Unionism. Longmans and Co. London. ch. I