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Tiberius (/tˈbɪəriəs/; Laitin: Tiberius Caesar Divi Augusti filius Augustus;[1][2] 16 November 42 BC – 16 Mairch 37 AD) wis Roman Emperor frae 14 AD tae 37 AD. Born Tiberius Claudius Nero, a Claudian, Tiberius wis the son o Tiberius Claudius Nero an Livia Drusilla. His mither divorced Nero an married Augustus in 39 BC, makin him a step-son o Octavian.

Tiberius
2nt Emperor o the Roman Empire
8095 - Roma - Ara Pacis - Tiberio - Foto Giovanni Dall'Orto - 28-Mar-2008.jpg
Bust o the Emperor Tiberius
Ring 18 September 14 AD – 16 Mairch 37 AD
Predecessor Augustus, stepfaither
Successor Caligula, great-neffae
Born 16 November 42 BC
Roum
Dee'd 16 Mairch AD 37 (aged 77)
Misenum, Italy
Buirial Mausoleum o Augustus, Roum
Spouse
Issue
Full name
  • Tiberius Claudius Nero (birth tae adoption)
  • Tiberius Julius Caesar (adoption tae accession)
  • Imperator Tiberius Caesar Augustus (as Emperor)
Hoose Julio-Claudian Dynasty
Faither Tiberius Claudius Nero
Mither Livia Drusilla

Tiberius wad later mairy Augustus' dauchter (frae his mairiage tae Scribonia), Julia the Elder, an even later be adoptit bi Augustus, bi that act he offeecially becam a Julian, bearin the name Tiberius Julius Caesar. The subsequent emperors efter Tiberius wad conteena this blendit dynasty o baith faimilies for the follaein thirty years; historians hae named it the Julio-Claudian dynasty. In relations tae the ither emperors o this dynasty, Tiberius wis the stepson o Augustus, grand-uncle o Caligula, paternal uncle o Claudius, an great-grand uncle o Nero. His 22-an-a-hauf-year ring wad be the langest efter Augustus's till Antoninus Pius, wha surpassed his ring bi a few months in 161.

Tiberius wis ane o the greatest Roman generals; his conquest o Pannonia, Dalmatia, Raetia, an temporarily, pairts o Germania, laid the foondations for the northren frontier. But he cam tae be rememmered as a daurk, reclusive, an sombre ruler that niver really desired tae be emperor; Pliny the Elder cried him tristissimus hominum, "the gloomiest o men."[3]

Efter the daith o Tiberius’ son Drusus Julius Caesar in 23 AD, he becam mair reclusive an abeich. In 26 AD Tiberius remuived himsel frae Roum an left admeenistration lairgely in the haunds o his unscrupulous Praetorian prefects Lucius Aelius Sejanus an Quintus Naevius Sutorius Macro.

Caligula, Tiberius' grand-neffae an adoptit grandson, succeedit Tiberius upon his daith.[4]

ReferencesEedit

  1. In Clessical Laitin, Tiberius' name would be inscribed as TIBERIVS CAESAR DIVI AVGVSTVS F AVGVSTVS.
  2. Tiberius' regal name haes an equivalent Scots meanin o "Tiberius Caesar, Son o the Divine Augustus, the Emperor".
  3. Pliny the Elder, Natural Histories XXVIII.5.23; Capes, p. 71
  4. "Tiberius". 2006. Retrieved 2011-02-17.