Taurus (constellation)

Taurus is ane o the constellations o the zodiac, which means it is crossed bi the plane o the ecliptic. Its name is a Laitin wird meanin "bull", an its astrological seembol is a stylized bull's heid: Taurus.svg (Unicode ♉). Taurus is a lairge an prominent constellation in the northren hemisphere's winter sky. It is ane o the auldest constellations, datin back tae at least the Early Bronze Age when it marked the location o the Sun durin the ware equinox. Taurus came tae seembolize the bull in the meethologies o Auncient Babylon, Egyp an Greece.

Taurus
Constellation
Taurus
AbbreviationTau[1][2]
GenitiveTauri[1]
Pronunciation
Seembolismthe Bull[1]
Richt ascension4.9[4] h
Declination19[4]°
QuadrantNQ1
Aurie797 sq. deg. (17t)
Main starns19
Bayer/Flamsteed
stars
132
Starns wi planets7 candidates[lower-alpha 1]
Starns brichter than 3.00m4
Starns within 10.00 pc (32.62 ly)1[lower-alpha 2]
Brichtest starnAldebaran (α Tau) (0.85m)
Nearest starnGliese 176
(30.72 ly, 9.42 pc)
Messier objects2
Meteor showers
Borderin
constellations
Veesible at latitudes atween +90° an −65°.
Best veesible at 21:00 (9 p.m.) durin the month o Januar.

Thare are a nummer o featurs o interest tae astronomers. Taurus hosts twa o the nearest open clusters tae Yird, the Pleiades an the Hyades, baith o which are veesible tae the naked ee. At first magnitude, the reid giant Aldebaran is the brichtest starn in the constellation. In the northwast pairt o Taurus is the supernova remnant Messier 1, mair commonly kent as the Crab Nebula. Ane o the closest regions o active starn formation, the Taurus-Auriga complex, crosses intae the northren pairt o the constellation. The variable starn T Tauri is the prototype o a class o pre-main-sequence starns.

NotesEedit

  1. Starns wi candidate extrasolar planets: Epsilon Tauri, Gliese 176, HD 24040, HD 37124, 2M J044144, LkCa 15, an HD 28678.
  2. This is Gliese 176.

ReferencesEedit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "The constellations". IAU. Retrieved 2010-02-09.
  2. Russell, Henry Norris (1922). "The new international symbols for the constellations". Popular Astronomy. 30: 469. Bibcode:1922PA.....30..469R.
  3. "Taurus". Merriam-Webster Online. Retrieved 2010-02-09.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Schaefer, Bradley E. (2002). "The latitude and epoch for the formation of the southern Greek constellations". Journal for the History of Astronomy. 33 (113): 313–350. Bibcode:2002JHA....33..313S. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)

Coordinates:   04h 00m 00s, +15° 00′ 00″