Sepsis is a hale-bouk inflammatory response tae an infection.[8] Common signs an seemptoms include fiver, increased hert rate, increased braithin rate, an confusion.[1]

SynonymsSepticemia, bluid pushonin
Bluid cultur bottles: orange label for anaerobes, green label for aerobes, an yellae label for bluid saumples frae childer
SpecialtyInfectious disease
SymptomsFiver, increased hert rate, increased braithin rate, confusion.[1]
CausesImmune response triggered bi an infection[2][3]
Risk factorsYoung or auld age, cancer, diabetes, major trauma, birns[1]
Diagnostic methodSeestemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS),[2] qSOFA[4]
TreatmentIntravenous fluids, antibiotics[1][5]
Prognosis30 tae 80% risk o daith[6]
Frequency0.2–3 per 1000 a year (developed warld)[6][7]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "Sepsis Questions and Answers". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). May 22, 2014. Retrieved 28 November 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Jui, Jonathan (2011). "Ch. 146: Septic Shock". In Tintinalli, Judith E.; Stapczynski, J. Stephan; Ma, O. John; Cline, David M.; et al. (eds.). Tintinalli's Emergency Medicine: A Comprehensive Study Guide (7th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill. pp. 1003–14. Retrieved December 11, 2012 – via AccessMedicine. Unknown parameter |subscription= ignored (help)
  3. Deutschman, CS; Tracey, KJ (April 2014). "Sepsis: Current dogma and new perspectives". Immunity. 40 (4): 463–75. doi:10.1016/j.immuni.2014.04.001. PMID 24745331.
  4. Singer, M; Deutschman, CS; Seymour, CW; Shankar-Hari, M; Annane, D; Bauer, M; Bellomo, R; Bernard, GR; Chiche, JD; Coopersmith, CM; Hotchkiss, RS; Levy, MM; Marshall, JC; Martin, GS; Opal, SM; Rubenfeld, GD; van der Poll, T; Vincent, JL; Angus, DC (23 February 2016). "The Third International Consensus Definitions for Sepsis and Septic Shock (Sepsis-3)". JAMA. 315 (8): 801–10. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.0287. PMC 4968574. PMID 26903338.
  5. Rhodes, Andrew; Evans, Laura E. (18 January 2017). "Surviving Sepsis Campaign: International Guidelines for Management of Sepsis and Septic Shock: 2016". Intensive Care Medicine. doi:10.1007/s00134-017-4683-6.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Jawad, I; Lukšić, I; Rafnsson, SB (June 2012). "Assessing available information on the burden of sepsis: Global estimates of incidence, prevalence and mortality". Journal of Global Health. 2 (1): 010404. doi:10.7189/jogh.01.010404. PMC 3484761. PMID 23198133.
  7. Martin, GS (June 2012). "Sepsis, severe sepsis and septic shock: Changes in incidence, pathogens and outcomes". Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy. 10 (6): 701–6. doi:10.1586/eri.12.50. PMC 3488423. PMID 22734959.
  8. Surviving Sepsis Campaign Guidelines Committee including The Pediatric Subgroup; Dellinger, RP; Levy, MM; Rhodes, A; et al. (2013). "Surviving Sepsis Campaign: International guidelines for management of severe sepsis and septic shock: 2012" (PDF). Critical Care Medicine. 41 (2): 580–637. doi:10.1097/CCM.0b013e31827e83af. PMID 23353941 – via Surviving Sepsis Campaign.