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The Seleucid Empire (Auncient Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Σελευκιδῶν, Basileía tōn Seleukidōn) wis a Hellenistic state ruled bi the Seleucid dynasty, which existit frae 312 BC tae 63 BC; it wis foondit bi Seleucus I Nicator follaein the diveesion o the Macedonian empire vastly expandit bi Alexander the Great.[6][7][8][9]

Seleucid Empire
Βασιλεία τῶν Σελευκιδῶν
312 BC–63 BC
Tetradrachm o Seleucus I, the horned horse, the elephant an the anchor war aw uised as seembols o the Seleucid monarchy.[1][2]
The empire at its greatest extent an on the eve o the daith o Seleucus I, 281 BC
The empire at its greatest extent an on the eve o the daith o Seleucus I, 281 BC
Caipital Seleucia
(305–240 BC)

(240–63 BC)
Common leids Greek leidGreek (offeecial)[3]
Releegion Olympianism
Babylonian releegion[4]
Govrenment Monarchy
• 305–281 BC
Seleucus I (first)
• 65–63 BC
Philip II (last)
Historical era Hellenistic period
312 BC
301 BC
192–188 BC
188 BC
167–160 BC
63 BC
301 BC[5] 3,000,000 km2 (1,200,000 sq mi)
240 BC[5] 2,600,000 km2 (1,000,000 sq mi)
175 BC[5] 800,000 km2 (310,000 sq mi)
100 BC[5] 100,000 km2 (39,000 sq mi)
Precedit bi
Succeedit bi
Macedonian Empire
Province o Sirie
Parthian Empire
Greco-Bactrian Kinrick
Hasmonean kinrick
The day pairt o


  1. Cohen, Getzel M; The Hellenistic Settlements in Syria, the Red Sea Basin, and North Africa, pp. 13.
  2. Lynette G. Mitchell; Every Inch a King: Comparative Studies on Kings and Kingship in the Ancient and Medieval Worlds, page 123.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Richard N. Frye, The History of Ancient Iran, (Ballantyne Ltd, 1984), 164.
  4. Julye Bidmead, The Akitu Festival: Religious Continuity and Royal Legitimation in Mesopotamia, (Gorgias Press, 2004), 143.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Taagepera, Rein (1979). "Size and Duration of Empires: Growth-Decline Curves, 600 B.C. to 600 A.D". Social Science History. 3 (3/4): 115–138. doi:10.2307/1170959. JSTOR 1170959. 
  6. Jones, Kenneth Raymond (2006). Provincial reactions to Roman imperialism: the aftermath of the Jewish revolt, A.D. 66-70, Parts 66-70. University of California, Berkeley. p. 174. ISBN 978-0-542-82473-9. ... and the Greeks, or at least the Greco-Macedonian Seleucid Empire, replace the Persians as the Easterners. 
  7. Society for the Promotion of Hellenic Studies (London, England) (1993). The Journal of Hellenic studies, Volumes 113-114. Society for the Promotion of Hellenic Studies. p. 211. The Seleucid kingdom has traditionally been regarded as basically a Greco-Macedonian state and its rulers thought of as successors to Alexander. 
  8. Baskin, Judith R.; Seeskin, Kenneth (2010). The Cambridge Guide to Jewish History, Religion, and Culture. Cambridge University Press. p. 37. ISBN 978-0-521-68974-8. The wars between the two most prominent Greek dynasties, the Ptolemies of Egypt and the Seleucids of Syria, unalterably change the history of the land of Israel…As a result the land of Israel became part of the empire of the Syrian Greek Seleucids. 
  9. Glubb, John Bagot (1967). Syria, Lebanon, Jordan. Thames & Hudson. p. 34. OCLC 585939. In addition to the court and the army, Syrian cities were full of Greek businessmen, many of them pure Greeks from Greece. The senior posts in the civil service were also held by Greeks. Although the Ptolemies and the Seleucids were perpetual rivals, both dynasties were Greek and ruled by means of Greek officials and Greek soldiers. Both governments made great efforts to attract immigrants from Greece, thereby adding yet another racial element to the population.