Schizophrenia is a mental disorder chairacterised bi abnormal social behaviour an failyie tae unnerstaund reality.[1]

SpecialtyPsychiatry, psychology
SymptomsFalse beliefs, confused thinkin, hearin vyces ithers dae nae[1][2]
Uisual onsetTeepically early adultheid[2]
CausesEnvironmental an genetic factors[3]
Risk factorsFaimily history, cannabis uise, problems in pregnancy, being raised in a ceety, aulder faither[3]
Diagnostic methodBased on observed behaviour, reported experiences, an reports o ithers fameeliar wi the person[4]
Seemilar condeetionsSubstance misuise, Huntington's disease, muid disorders, autism[5]
TreatmentCoonsellin, job trainin[1][3]
Prognosis18–20 years shorter life expectancy[6][7] due tae increases in suicide, hert an lifestyle disease[7]
Daiths~17,000 (2015)[9]
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  1. a b c "Schizophrenia Fact sheet N°397". WHO. September 2015. Archived frae the original on 18 October 2016. Retrieved 3 Februar 2016. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  2. a b c "Schizophrenia". National Institute of Mental Health. Januar 2016. Archived frae the original on 25 November 2016. Retrieved 3 Februar 2016. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  3. a b c d Owen MJ, Sawa A, Mortensen PB (Julie 2016). "Schizophrenia". Lancet. 388 (10039): 86–97. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(15)01121-6. PMID 26777917.
  4. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.). Arlington: American Psychiatric Publishing. pp. 101–05. ISBN 978-0-89042-555-8.
  5. Ferri FF (2010). Ferri's differential diagnosis : a practical guide to the differential diagnosis of symptoms, signs, and clinical disorders (2nd ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier/Mosby. p. Chapter S. ISBN 978-0-323-07699-9.
  6. Laursen TM, Munk-Olsen T, Vestergaard M (Mairch 2012). "Life expectancy and cardiovascular mortality in persons with schizophrenia". Current Opinion in Psychiatry. 25 (2): 83–8. doi:10.1097/YCO.0b013e32835035ca. PMID 22249081.
  7. a b "Medicinal treatment of psychosis/schizophrenia". (in Inglis). Swedish Agency for Health Technology Assessment and Assessment of Social Services. 21 November 2012. Archived frae the original on 29 Juin 2017. Retrieved 26 Juin 2017. Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (help)
  8. van Os J, Kapur S (August 2009). "Schizophrenia" (PDF). Lancet. 374 (9690): 635–45. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(09)60995-8. PMID 19700006. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 23 Juin 2013. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help) "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived frae the original (PDF) on 23 Juin 2013. Retrieved 12 Februar 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. GBD 2015 Mortality and Causes of Death Collaborators (October 2016). "Global, regional, and national life expectancy, all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes of death, 1980-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015". Lancet. 388 (10053): 1459–1544. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(16)31012-1. PMC 5388903. PMID 27733281.