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Schizophrenia is a mental disorder chairacterised bi abnormal social behaviour an failyie tae unnerstaund reality.[1]

Specialty Psychiatry, psychology
Symptoms False beliefs, confused thinkin, hearin vyces ithers dae nae[1][2]
Uisual onset Teepically early adultheid[2]
Duration Chronic[2]
Causes Environmental an genetic factors[3]
Risk factors Faimily history, cannabis uise, problems in pregnancy, being raised in a ceety, aulder faither[3]
Diagnostic method Based on observed behaviour, reported experiences, an reports o ithers fameeliar wi the person[4]
Seemilar condeetions Substance misuise, Huntington's disease, muid disorders, autism[5]
Treatment Coonsellin, job trainin[1][3]
Medication Antipsychotics[3]
Prognosis 18–20 years shorter life expectancy[6][7] due tae increases in suicide, hert an lifestyle disease[7]
Frequency ~0.5%[8]
Daiths ~17,000 (2015)[9]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Schizophrenia Fact sheet N°397". WHO. September 2015. Archived frae the oreeginal on 18 October 2016. Retrieved 3 February 2016. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Schizophrenia". National Institute of Mental Health. January 2016. Archived frae the oreeginal on 25 November 2016. Retrieved 3 February 2016. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Owen MJ, Sawa A, Mortensen PB (July 2016). "Schizophrenia". Lancet. 388 (10039): 86–97. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(15)01121-6. PMID 26777917. 
  4. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.). Arlington: American Psychiatric Publishing. pp. 101–05. ISBN 978-0-89042-555-8. 
  5. Ferri FF (2010). Ferri's differential diagnosis : a practical guide to the differential diagnosis of symptoms, signs, and clinical disorders (2nd ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier/Mosby. p. Chapter S. ISBN 978-0-323-07699-9. 
  6. Laursen TM, Munk-Olsen T, Vestergaard M (March 2012). "Life expectancy and cardiovascular mortality in persons with schizophrenia". Current Opinion in Psychiatry. 25 (2): 83–8. doi:10.1097/YCO.0b013e32835035ca. PMID 22249081. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Medicinal treatment of psychosis/schizophrenia". (in Inglis). Swedish Agency for Health Technology Assessment and Assessment of Social Services. 21 November 2012. Archived frae the oreeginal on 29 June 2017. Retrieved 26 June 2017. 
  8. van Os J, Kapur S (August 2009). "Schizophrenia" (PDF). Lancet. 374 (9690): 635–45. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(09)60995-8. PMID 19700006. Archived (PDF) frae the oreeginal on 23 June 2013. 
  9. GBD 2015 Mortality and Causes of Death Collaborators (October 2016). "Global, regional, and national life expectancy, all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes of death, 1980-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015". Lancet. 388 (10053): 1459–1544. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(16)31012-1. PMC 5388903 . PMID 27733281.