San José de Maipo

San José de Maipo is a commune in Chile an the ceety athin it, locatit in Cordillera Province, Santiago Metropolitan Region, some 48 kilometres sooth-east o caipital Santiago, bordered on the east bi Argentinae, athort the Andes.

San José de Maipo
Maitenes range
Maitenes range
Coat of arms
Coat airms
Location in the Santiago Metropolitan Region
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Coordinates: 33°41′S 70°20′W / 33.683°S 70.333°W / -33.683; -70.333
KintraChile
RegionSantiago Metro.
ProvinceCordillera
Govrenment
 • TeepMunicipality
 • AlcaldeLuis Pezoa Alvarez (RN)
Area
 • Total4994.8 km2 (1,928.5 sq mi)
Area rank1
Population
 (2002 Census)[2]
 • Total13,376
 • Rank3
 • Density2.7/km2 (6.9/sq mi)
 • Urban
9311
 • Landwart
4065
Sex
 • Men6,947
 • Weemen6,429
Time zoneUTC-4 (CLT [3])
 • Summer (DST)UTC-3 (CLST [4])
Area code(s)56 + 53
WebsiteMunicipality of San José de Maipo

DemograficsEedit

Accordin tae the 2002 census o the Naitional Statistics Institute, San José de Maipo spans a aurie o 4,994.8 km2 (1,929 sq mi) an haes 13,376 inhabitants (6,947 men an 6,429 weemen). O these, 9,311 (69.6%) livit in urban auries an 4,065 (30.4%) in landwart auries. The population grew bi 14.9% (1,730 bodies) atween the 1992 an 2002 censuses. Its population densitie wis then 6.9/km2 (18/sq mi), makkin it the maist sparsely populatit commune in the region.[2]

EconomyEedit

Amang the present economic activities staund oot nanmetallic minin, includin stane quarries, production o almonds an stane fruits, an crafts based on laja rock an alabaster, amang ithers. Regional tourism is vera important in this zone; thare are a great nummer o fuid an lodgin establishments. In 2001 the commune wis declared Zona de Interés Turístico Nacional (ZOIT), bi the Naitional Service o Tourism (SERNATUR).

HistoryEedit

San Jose de Maipo wis namit a toun bi order o Ambrosio O'Higgins in 1792. The Govrenor o Chile an futur Viceroy o Peru considered it necessar tae give it the pouer o a toun tae better support minin that teuk place aroond San Pedro Nolasco.

Durin the 19t century the aurie wis the scene o several important events in the unthirldom o Chile, syne acause o its proximity tae Argentinae it wis uised bi General San Martin an the leeberatin Airmy o the Andes tae support the Bernardine cause o O'Higgins.

At the end o that century minin began in the aurie. Durin the 20t Century, the commune became vera important for the ceety o Santiago, syne the first hydroelectric pouer station o the zone wis constructit thare (Maitenes), an a aqueduct wis constructit that supplies potable watter tae the ceety frae Andean glaciers an aw. Acause o the purity o its air, sanatoriums wur built for respiratory patients frae aw ower Chile. Towards the end o the century ecotourism became a pole o development, thanks tae the Maipo river's suitability for white watter raftin.

AdministrationEedit

As a commune, San José de Maipo is a third-level admeenistrative diveesion o Chile admeenistered bi a municipal cooncil heidit bi an alcalde who is directly electit ivery fower years. For the years 2008-2012, the mayor wis Luis Pezoa Alvarez (RN), an the cooncil members wur:[1]

  • Julio Carrillo Quintana (RN)
  • Eduardo Astorga Flores (RN)
  • Marco Quintanilla P. (PS)
  • Virginia Ríos Mella (PDC)
  • Andres Venegas (PRSD)
  • Sonía Avila (RN)

Athin the electoral diveesions o Chile, San José de Maipo is representit in the Chamber o Deputies bi Osvaldo Andrade (PS) an Leopoldo Pérez (RN) as pairt o the 29t electoral destrict, (thegither wi Puente Alto, Pirque an La Pintana). The commune is representit in the Senate bi Soledad Alvear (PDC) an Pablo Longueira (UDI) as pairt o the 8t senatorial constituency (Santiago-East).

ReferencesEedit

  1. a b (in Spaingie) "Municipality of San José de Maipo". Retrieved 27 Julie 2010.
  2. a b c d (in Spaingie) "National Statistics Institute". Retrieved 18 Julie 2010.
  3. "Chile Time". WorldTimeZones.org. Retrieved 26 Julie 2010.
  4. "Chile Summer Time". WorldTimeZones.org. Retrieved 26 Julie 2010.

Freemit airtinsEedit