The Roman Republic (Laitin: Res Pvblica Romana) wis the period o the auncient Roman ceevilization when the govrenment operatit as a republic. It began wi the owerthrow o the Roman monarchy, tradeetionally datit aroond 509 BC, an its replacement bi a govrenment heidit bi twa consuls, electit annually bi the ceetizens an advised bi a senate. A complex constitution gradually developed, centered on the principles o a separation o pouers an checks an balances. Except in times o dire naitional emergency, public offices wur leemitit tae ane year, sae that, in theory at least, no single individual wielded absolute pouer ower his fellae ceetizens.

Roman Republic

Offeecial name (as on coins):
efter c. 100 BC:
Senatus populusque Romanus  (Script error: The function "name_from_code" does not exist.) (SPQR)
("The Senate an Fowk o Rome")
509 BC–27 BC
Roman consul accompanied bi twa lictors o Rome
Roman consul accompanied bi twa lictors
Roman provinces on the eve o the assassination o Julius Caesar, 44 BC
Roman provinces on the eve o the assassination o Julius Caesar, 44 BC
Common leidsLaitin (offeecial),
various unoffeecial spoken in certain places includin Greek, Ebreu, Aramaic, Syriac, Gallic, Berber
Roman polytheism
• 509–508 BC
Lucius Brutus,
Lucius Collatinus
• 27 BC
Gaius Octavianus,
Marcus Agrippa
LegislaturLegislative Assembly
Historical eraClassical antiquity
• Owerthrow o Tarquinius Superbus follaein the Rape o Lucretia
509 BC
• Caesar proclaimed dictator for 10 years
47 BC
2 September 31 BC
• Octavian proclaimed Augustus
16 Januar 27 BC
326 BC[1]10,000 km2 (3,900 sq mi)
200 BC[1]360,000 km2 (140,000 sq mi)
146 BC[1]800,000 km2 (310,000 sq mi)
100 BC[1]1,200,000 km2 (460,000 sq mi)
50 BC[1]1,950,000 km2 (750,000 sq mi)
CurrencyRoman siller
Precedit bi
Succeedit bi
She-wolf suckles Romulus and Remus.jpg Roman Kinrick
Chimera d'arezzo, fi, 09.JPG Etruscan ceevilisation
Magna Graecia
Roman Empire Augustus fist century aureus obverse.png
The day pairt o


  1. a b c d e Taagepera, Rein (1979). "Size and Duration of Empires: Growth–Decline Curves, 600 BC to 600 AD". Social Science History. Social Science History, Vol. 3, No. 3/4. 3 (3/4): 115–138 [125]. doi:10.2307/1170959. JSTOR 1170959.