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The Roman Republic (Laitin: Res Pvblica Romana) wis the period o the auncient Roman ceevilization when the govrenment operatit as a republic. It began wi the owerthrow o the Roman monarchy, tradeetionally datit aroond 509 BC, an its replacement bi a govrenment heidit bi twa consuls, electit annually bi the ceetizens an advised bi a senate. A complex constitution gradually developed, centered on the principles o a separation o pouers an checks an balances. Except in times o dire naitional emergency, public offices wur leemitit tae ane year, sae that, in theory at least, no single individual wielded absolute pouer ower his fellae ceetizens.

Roman Republic
Offeecial name (as on coins):
efter c. 100 BC:
Senatus populusque Romanus  (Laitin) (SPQR)
("The Senate an Fowk o Rome")
She-wolf suckles Romulus and Remus.jpg
Chimera d'arezzo, fi, 09.JPG

509 BC–27 BC Augustus fist century aureus obverse.png

Roman consul accompanied bi twa lictors

Roman provinces on the eve o the assassination o Julius Caesar, 44 BC
Caipital Roum
Leids Laitin (offeecial),
various unoffeecial spoken in certain places includin Greek, Ebreu, Aramaic, Syriac, Gallic, Berber
Releegion Roman polytheism
Government Republic
 -  509–508 BC Lucius Brutus,
Lucius Collatinus
 -  27 BC Gaius Octavianus,
Marcus Agrippa
Legislatur Legislative Assembly
Historical era Classical antiquity
 -  Owerthrow o Tarquinius Superbus follaein the Rape o Lucretia 509 BC
 -  Caesar proclaimed dictator for 10 years 47 BC
 -  Battle o Actium 2 September 31 BC
 -  Octavian proclaimed Augustus 16 Januar 27 BC
 -  326 BC[1] 10,000 km² (3,861 sq mi)
 -  200 BC[1] 360,000 km² (138,997 sq mi)
 -  146 BC[1] 800,000 km² (308,882 sq mi)
 -  100 BC[1] 1,200,000 km² (463,323 sq mi)
 -  50 BC[1] 1,950,000 km² (752,899 sq mi)
Siller Roman siller
The day pairt o


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Taagepera, Rein (1979). "Size and Duration of Empires: Growth–Decline Curves, 600 BC to 600 AD". Social Science History. Social Science History, Vol. 3, No. 3/4. 3 (3/4): 115–138 [125]. doi:10.2307/1170959. JSTOR 1170959.