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Richmond (/ˈrɪmənd/ RICH-mənd) is the caipital o the Commonwealth o Virginie, in the Unitit States. It is the centre o the Richmond Metropolitan Statistical Aurie (MSA) an the Greater Richmond Region. While it wis incorporatit in 1742, Richmond haes been an independent ceety syne 1871.

Richmond, Virginie
City of Richmond
Tap: Skyline abuin the faws o the James River Middle: St. John's Episcopal Church, Jackson Ward, Monument Avenue. Bottom: Virginia State Capitol, Main Street Station
RVA, The River City,[1] Fist City,[2] Capital of the South[3][4]
Sic Itur Ad Astra ("Thus do we reach the stars")
Location in the Commonwealth o Virginie
Location in the Commonwealth o Virginie
Richmond, Virginie is located in the Unitit States
Richmond, Virginie
Richmond, Virginie
Location in the Unitit States
Coordinates: 37°32′N 77°28′W / 37.533°N 77.467°W / 37.533; -77.467
Kintra Unitit States
State Virginie
 • MayorDwight Clinton Jones (D-VA)
 • Ceety162 km2 (62.5 sq mi)
 • Laund156 km2 (60.1 sq mi)
 • Water6 km2 (2.5 sq mi)
45.7 m (166.45 ft)
 • Ceety217,853 (98t)
 • Density1,400/km2 (3,625/sq mi)
 • Metro
1,260,029 (44t)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP Codes
23173, 23218–23242, 23249–23250, 23255, 23260–23261, 23269, 23273–23274, 23276, 23278–23279, 23282, 23284–23286, 23288–23295, 23297–23298
Area code804
FIPS code51-67000[5]
GNIS feature ID1499957[6]
Nomenclature evolution
Prior to 1071 – Richemont: a town in Normandy, France.
1071 to 1501 – Richmond: a castle town in Yorkshire, UK.
1501 to 1742 – Richmond, a palace town in Surrey, UK.
1742 to present – Richmond, Virginia.


  1. City Connection, Office of the Press Secretary to the Mayor. Archived 2011-09-30 at the Wayback Machine. January–March 2010 edition. Retrieved February 8, 2010.
  2. TOLLET, DRAD. "RVAMag." March 20, 2013. [1].
  3. Civil War Richmond – The South's Capital – Virginia Is For Lovers Archived 2016-01-11 at the Wayback Machine. (2012-05-18). Retrieved on 2013-08-21.
  4. Griset, Rich. (2013-08-09) One of the most extensive collections of Eskimo folk art is right here in Richmond.. Style Weekly. Retrieved on 2013-08-21.
  5. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 31 Januar 2008.
  6. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 25 October 2007. Retrieved 31 Januar 2008.

Further readinEedit

  • Dabney, Virginius (1990). Richmond: The Story of a City (revised and expanded ed.). Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia. ISBN 0813912741.
  • Lankford, Nelson. Richmond Burning: The Last Days of the Confederate Capital (2002)
  • Latimore, Carey H., IV, "A Step Closer to Slavery? Free African Americans, Industrialization, Social Control, and Residency in Richmond City, 1850–1860", Slavery and Abolition 33 (Mairch 2012), 119–37.
  • Wright, Mike. City Under Siege: Richmond in the Civil War (Rowman & Littlefield, 1995)

Freemit airtinsEedit