List o French consorts

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This is a list of the women who have been queens consort or empresses consort o the French monarch. All monarchs o Fraunce were male, although some women have governed Fraunce as regents.

Eugénie de Montijo, the last French consort
Marie Antoinette, queen consort of Louis XVI, wis killed the French Revolution.

53 women were mairit tae French monarchs: 49 queens an three empresses. Ingeborg o Denmark and Anne o Brittany were each queen mair nor aince. Marie Josephine Louise of Savoy was queen de jure during the Republican and Imperial periods, but never wife o the de facto head o the French state.

From 1285 to 1328, the crowns o Navarre an Fraunce were unitit bi virtue o the mairiage o Joan I o Navarre tae Philip IV o Fraunce, an bi the succession of their three sons, Louis X, Philip V, an Charles IV. Thus, the wives o these three kings were queens consort o Navarre as well as o Fraunce. With the daith o Charles IV, however, Navarre passed out o the hands o the French kings until 1589, when Henry III o Navarre became Henry IV o Fraunce.

Upon Henry IV's succession, his wife, Margaret o Valois, who was already queen consort of Navarre, also became queen consort o Fraunce. Thereafter, until 1791, queens of France were also queens o Navarre. The crown of Navarre merged with the French crown in 1620, but the French kings continued to call themselves Keeng o Navarre until 1791. The teetle o King o Navarre wis reassumed with the Restoration o 1814–15, but dropped with the Revolution of 1830; the Bonaparte an Orléans consorts did not use it.

RegentsEedit

Many French consorts acted as regents for their husbands or their children during the children's minorities. These were:

 
Catherine de' Medici served as regent for her husband and sons

Madame de MaintenonEedit

Madame de Maintenon, mistress o Louis XIV, mairit the king in the winter o 1685–1686 privately bi François de Harlay de Champvallon, archbishop o Paris, in the presence, it is believed, o Père la Chaise, the king's confessor, the Marquis de Montchevreuil, the chevalier de Forbin, an Alexandre Bontemps. Owing tae the inequality o social status, she and the King did not mairy openly (which would have allowed her tae become queen). Nae written proof of the mairiage is extant, but that it took place is nevertheless certain. It is important tae remember that Madame de Maintenon wis niver queen o Fraunce, simply a ryal consort.

Carolingian dynastyEedit

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse
  Ermentrude o Orléans Odo, Coont o Orléans 823 842 869 Charles II the Bald
  Richilde o Provence Bivin o Gorze c. 845 870 5/6 October 877 2 Juin 910
  Adelaide o Paris Adalard o Paris c. 850-853 Februar 875 5/6 October 877 10 Aprile 879 10 November 901 Louis II the Stammerer
  Richardis Erchanger, Coont o Nordgau c. 840 862 12 December 884 13 Januar 888 18 September, 894-896 Charles the Fat
Théodrate o Troyes 868 before 885 Februar 888 1 Januar 898 903 Odo I
Frederonne 887 907 917 Charles III the Simple
  Eadgifu of England Edward the Elder o England 902 7 October 919 922 after 955
Béatrice de Vermandois Herbert I, Coont o Vermandois c. 880 895 922 923 after 931 Robert I
Emma o Fraunce Robert I o Fraunce 894 921 13 Julie 923 934 Rudolph
  Gerberga o Saxony Henry the Fowler o Germany c. 913 939 10 September 954 5 Mey 984 Louis IV
Emma o Italy Lothair II o Italy c. 948 965 26 Mairch 986 ? Lothair
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse

Capetian dynastyEedit

Direct CapetiansEedit

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms
  Adelaide o Aquitaine William III, Duke o Aquitaine c. 945 970 3 July 987 24 October 996 1004 Hugh
  Rozala o Italy Berengar II o Italy c. 937 988/989 996 996 7 Februar 1003 Robert II
  Bertha o Burgundy Conrad o Burgundy c. 952 996 1000 1035?
  Constance o Arles William I, Coont o Provence 986 1003 20 July 1031 25 Julie 1034
  Matilda of Frisia Liudolf, Margrave o Frisia c. 1024 1034 1044 Henry I
  Anne o Kiev Yaroslav I, Grand Prince o Kiev c. 1024 19 Mey 1051 4 August 1060 1075
  Bertha o Holland Floris I, Count o Holland c. 1055 1072 1092 1094 Philip I
  Bertrade de Montfort Simon I de Montfort c. 1070 15 May 1092 29 Julie 1108 1117
  Adélaide de Maurienne Humbert II, Coont o Savoy 1092 3 August 1115 1 August 1137 18 November 1154 Louis VI
  Eleanor o Aquitaine William X, Duke o Aquitaine 1122 22 July 1137 1137 25 December 1137 21 Mairch 1152
annulment
1 Aprile 1204 Louis VIIe
  Constance o Castile Alfonso VII o León an Castile 1141 1154 1154 1160
  Adèle o Champagne Theobald II, Coont o Champagne c. 1140 1164 ? 18 September 1180 4 Juin 1206
  Isabelle o Hainaut Baldwin V, Count o Hainaut 5 Aprile 1170 1180 29 Mey 1180 1190 Philip II   
  Ingeborg o Denmark Valdemar I o Denmark 1175 15 August 1193 25 August 1193 5 November 1193
separated
29 Julie 1236   
  Agnes o Merania Berthold IV, Duke o Merania about 1175 June 1196 ? 1200
repudiated
20 Julie 1201   
  Ingeborg o Denmark Valdemar I o Denmark 1175 15 August 1193 1200
restored
14 Julie 1223
husband's daith
29 Julie 1236   
  Blanche o Castile Alfonso VIII o Castile 4 Mairch1188 22 Mey 1200 14 Julie 1223 6 August 1223 8 November 1226 26 November 1252 Louis VIII   
  Marguerite o Provence Ramon Berenguer IV, Count o Provence c. 1221 27 May 1234 ? 25 August 1270 21 December 1295 Louis IX   
  Isabella o Aragon James I o Aragon 1247 28 May 1262 25 August 1270 Not crowned 28 Januar 1271 Philip III   
  Marie o Brabant Henry III, Duke o Brabant 1254 21 August 1274 24 Juin 1275 5 October 1285 10 Januar 1321  
  Joan I o Navarre Henry I o Navarre c. 14 Januar 1271 16 August 1284 5 October 1285 ? 4 Aprile 1305 Philip IV  
  Marguerite o Burgundy Robert II, Duke o Burgundy 1290 23 September 1305 29 November 1314 uncrowned 15 August 1315 Louis X Imprisoned during her husband's reign due to the Tour de Nesle Affair. Arms unknown.
  Clementia o Hungary Charles Martel o Anjou 1293 19 August 1315 24 August 1315 5 Juin 1316 12 October 1328  
  Jeanne II, Countess of Burgundy Otto IV, Count of Burgundy 1291 1307 20 November 1316 9 Januar 3 Januar 1322 21 January 1330 Philip V of France  
  Blanche of Burgundy c. 1296 1308 3 Januar 1322 uncrowned 19 May 1322 Aprile 1326 Charles IV Imprisoned during her husband's reign due to the Tour de Nesle Affair. Arms unknown.
  Marie de Luxembourg Henry VII, Haly Roman Emperor 1304 21 September 1322 15 Mey 1323 26 Mairch 1324  
  Jeanne d'Évreux Louis, Count o Évreux 1310 5 Julie 1325 11 Mey 1326 1 Februar 1328 husband's daith 4 Mairch 1371  
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms

Hoose o ValoisEedit

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms
80px Joan the Lame Robert II, Duke o Burgundy 24 Juin 1293 July 1313 1 Februar/1 Aprile 1328 27 Mey 1328 12 September 1348 Philip VI  
  Blanche o Navarre Philip III o Navarre 1330–1333 29 January 1350 not crowned 22 August 1350 husband's daith 5 October 1398  
  Jeanne Auvergne William XII, Coont o Auvergne 8 Mey 1326 13 Februar 1349 22 August 1350 26 September 1350 29 September 1360 John II  
  Jeanne de Bourbon Peter I, Duke o Bourbon 3 Februar 1338 1350 8 April 1364 19 Mey 1364 4 Februar 1378 Charles V  
  Isabeau o Bavarie Stephen III, Duke o Bavarie c. 1370 17 July 1385 1389 21 October 1422
husband's daith
24 September 1435 Charles VI  
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms

Hoose o LancasterEedit

Some sources refer to Marguerite o Anjou as Queen o Fraunce, but her right tae enjoy that teetle is disputed. She wis briefly recognised only in Inglis-controlled territories of France.

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms
  Marguerite o Anjou René I o Naples 23 Mairch 1430 23 April 1445 nae crowned as Queen o Fraunce 19 October 1453
defeat o the Inglis in the Hunder Years' War
25 August 1482 Henry VI o Ingland  
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms

Capetian dynastyEedit

Hoose o ValoisEedit

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms
  Marie of Anjou Louis II o Naples 14 October 1404 18 December 1422 ? 22 Julie 1461
husband's daith
1463 Charles VII  
  Charlotte o Savoy Louis, Duke o Savoy 1443 14 February 1451 22 July 1461 ? 30 August 1483
husband's daith
1 December 1483 Louis XI  
  Anne o Brittany Francis II, Duke o Brittany 25 Januar 1477 6 December 1491 8 Februar 1492 7 April 1498
husband's daith
9 Januar 1514 Charles VIII  
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms

Hoose o Valois (Orléans branch)Eedit

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms
  Jeanne o Valois Louis XI o Fraunce 23 Aprile 1464 8 September 1476 7 April 1498
husband's ascension
Not crowned December 1498
annulment
4 February 1505 Louis XII  
  Anne of Brittany Francis II, Duke of Brittany 25 January 1477 8 Januar 1499 18 November 1504 9 January 1514  
  Mary Tudor Henry VII o Ingland 18 Mairch 1496 9 October 1514 5 November 1514 1 Januar 1515
husband's daith
25 Juin 1533  
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms

Hoose o Valois (Angoulême branch)Eedit

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms
  Claude o Fraunce Louis XII o Fraunce 14 October 1499 18 May 1514 1 Januar 1515
husband's ascension
10 Mey 1517 20 Julie 1524 Francis I  
  Eleanor o Austrick Philip I o Castile 15 November 1498 4 July 1530 5 March 1532 31 March 1547
husband's daith
25 Februar 1558  
  Catherine de' Medici Lorenzo II de' Medici, Duke o Urbino 13 April 1519 28 October 1533 31 Mairch 1547
husband's ascension
10 Juin 1549 10 Julie 1559
husband's death
5 January 1589 Henry II  
  Mary, Queen o Scots James V o Scotland 8 December 1542 24 April 1558 10 Julie 1559
husband's ascension
Not crowned
because already crowned Queen o Scotland
5 December 1560
husband's daith
8 Februar 1587 Francis II  
  Elisabeth o Austrick Maximilian II, Haly Roman Emperor 5 June 1554 26 November 1570 25 March 1571 30 May 1574
husband's death
22 January 1592 Charles IX  
80px Louise o Lorraine Nicholas o Lorraine, Duke of Mercœur 30 Aprile 1553 13 Februar 1575 Not crowned 2 August 1589
husband's daith
29 Januar 1601 Henry III  
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms

Bourbons o FraunceEedit

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms
  Marguerite o Fraunce Henry II o Fraunce 14 Mey 1553 18 August 1572 2 August 1589
husband's accession
Not crowned 1599
marriage annulled
27 March 1615 Henry IV  
  Marie de' Medici Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke o Tuscany 26 April 1573 5 October? 1600 13 Mey 1610 14 Mey 1610
husband's daith
3 July 1642  
  Anne o Austrick Philip III o Spain 22 September 1601 24 November 1615 Not crowned 14 May 1643
husband's death
20 Januar 1666 Louis XIII  
  Maria Theresa o Austrick Philip IV o Spain 10 September 1638 9 Juin 1660 Not crowned 30 Julie 1683 Louis XIV  
  Marie Leszczyńska Stanisław I o Poland 23 Juin 1703 4 September 1725 Not crowned 24 Juin 1768 Louis XV  
  Marie Antoinette o Austrick Francis I, Haly Roman Emperor 2 November 1755 19 Aprile 1770 (bi proxy)
16 Mey 1770
10 Mey 1774
husband's ascension
Not crowned 21 September 1792
husband's deposition
16 October 1793
executed
Louis XVI  
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms

BonaparteEedit

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became empress Coronation Ceased to be empress Death Spouse Arms
80px Joséphine de Beauharnais Joseph Gaspard Tascher 23 June 1763 9 March 1796 18 May 1804
husband's ascension
2 December 1804 10 Januar 1810
divorce
29 May 1814 Napoleon I  
80px Marie Louise o Austrick Francis II, Haly Roman Emperor 12 December 1791 11 Mairch 1810 (bi proxy)
1 Aprile 1810
Not crowned 6 April 1814
husband's abdication
17 December 1847  
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became empress Coronation Ceased to be empress Death Spouse Arms

Capetian dynastyEedit

Bourbons o FraunceEedit

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms
  Marie Thérèse o Fraunce Louis XVI o Fraunce 19 December 1778 June 1799 2 August 1830 for 20 minutes niver crouned 2 August 1830
husband's abdication
19 October 1851 Louis XIX  

Hoose o OrléansEedit

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms
  Maria Amalia o Naples an Sicily Ferdinand I o the Twa Sicilies 26 April 1782 25 November 1809 9 August 1830
husband's ascension
Not crowned 24 February 1848
husband's abdication
24 Mairch 1866 Louis-Philippe I  

Hoose o BonaparteEedit

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became empress Coronation Ceased to be empress Death Spouse Arms
80px Eugénie de Montijo Cipriano de Palafox y Portocarrero, Coont o Montijo 5 Mey 1826 30 Januar 1853 Not crowned 4 September 1870
husband's deposition
11 Julie 1920 Napoleon III  

ReferencesEedit

  • Joy Law, Fleur de lys: The kings and queens of France. ISBN 978-0-07-036695-4
  • Rene de La Croix, duc de Castries, The Lives of the Kings & Queens of France. ISBN 0-394-50734-7
  • Elsie Thornton-Cook, Royal Line of France: The Story of the Kings and Queens of France. ISBN 978-0-8369-0939-5