Polybius (Greek: Πολύβιος, Polýbios; c. 200 – c. 118 BC) wis a Greek historian o the Hellenistic period notit for his wirk, The Histories, which covered the period o 264–146 BC in detail. The wirk describes the rise o the Roman Republic tae the status o dominance in the auncient Mediterranean warld an includit his eewitness accoont o the Sack o Carthage in 146 BC. Polybius is important for his analysis o the mixed constitution or the separation o pouers in govrenment, which wis influential on Montesquieu's The Spirit o the Laws an the framers o the Unitit States Constitution.
|Born||c. 200 BC|
|Died||c. 118 BC|
|Kent for||The Histories, events o the Roman Republic, 220–146 BC|
|Influenced||All historians of the Roman Republic during and after his time|
- John Ma. (2013). Statues and Cities: Honorific Portraits and Civic Identity in the Hellenistic World. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-966891-5, pp 281-282.