The pineal gland, an aa kent as the pineal body, conarium or epiphysis cerebri, is a smaa endocrine gland in the vertebrate brain. It produces melatonin, a serotonin derived hormone, which affects the modulation o sleep patterns in baith saisonal an circadian rhythms.[1][2]

Pineal gland
Illu pituitary pineal glands.jpg
Diagram o pituitary an pineal glands in the human brain
Details
PrecursorNeural Ectoderm, Ruif o Diencephalon
Arteryposterior cerebral artery
Identifiers
Laitinglandula pinealis
TAA11.2.00.001
FMA62033
Anatomical terms o neuroanatomy

ReferencesEedit

  1. Macchi M, Bruce J (2004). "Human pineal physiology and functional significance of melatonin". Front Neuroendocrinol. 25 (3–4): 177–95. doi:10.1016/j.yfrne.2004.08.001. PMID 15589268.
  2. Arendt J, Skene DJ (2005). "Melatonin as a chronobiotic". Sleep Med Rev. 9 (1): 25–39. doi:10.1016/j.smrv.2004.05.002. PMID 15649736. Exogenous melatonin has acute sleepiness-inducing and temperature-lowering effects during 'biological daytime', and when suitably timed (it is most effective around dusk and dawn) it will shift the phase of the human circadian clock (sleep, endogenous melatonin, core body temperature, cortisol) to earlier (advance phase shift) or later (delay phase shift) times.