Petra (Greek "πέτρα" (petra), meanin stane; Arabic: البتراء, Al-Batrāʾ) is a historical an airchaeological ceety in the Jordanian govrenorate o Ma'an that is famous for its rock cut airchitectur an watter conduit seestem. Established sometime aroond the 6t century BC as the caipital ceety o the Nabataeans,[2] it is a seebol o Jordan as well as its maist visitit tourist attraction.[2] It lees on the slope o Munt Hor[3] in a basin amang the muntains that form the eastren flank o Arabah (Wadi Araba), the lairge valley runnin frae the Deid Sea tae the Gulf o Aqaba. Petra haes been a UNESCO Warld Heritage Steid syne 1985.

Petra Jordan BW 21.JPG
Al Khazneh or The Treasury at Petra
LocationMa'an Govrenorate, Jordan
Coordinates30°19′43″N 35°26′31″E / 30.32861°N 35.44194°E / 30.32861; 35.44194Coordinates: 30°19′43″N 35°26′31″E / 30.32861°N 35.44194°E / 30.32861; 35.44194
Elevation810 m (2,657 ft)
Settled7000 BC[1]
Biggit1200 BC[1]
Visitors580,000 (in 2007)
Govrenin boukPetra Region Authority
Criteriai, iii, iv
Designatit1985 (9t session)
Reference no.326
State PairtyJordan
RegionArab States
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The steid remained unkent tae the Wastren warld till 1812, when it wis introducit bi Swiss splorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt. It wis describit as "a rose-red ceety hauf as auld as time" in a Newdigate Prize-winnin poem bi John William Burgon. UNESCO haes describit it as "ane o the maist precious cultural properties o man's cultural heritage".[4] Petra wis chuisen bi the BBC as ane o "the 40 places ye hae tae see afore ye dee".[5]


  1. a b Business Optimization Consultants B.O.C. "Petra". Retrieved 5 December 2011.
  2. a b Major Attractions: Petra Archived 2016-11-04 at the Wayback Machine, Jordan tourism board
  3. Mish, Frederick C., Editor in Chief. “Petra.” Webster’s Ninth New Collegiate Dictionary. 9th ed. Springfield, Massachusetts: Merriam-Webster Inc., 1985. ISBN 0-87779-508-8.
  4. "UNESCO advisory body evaluation" (PDF). Retrieved 5 December 2011.
  5. Davey, Steve. "Unforgettable Places To See Before You Die", BBC, 12 December 2003.

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