Oliver Cromwell

Oliver Cromwell (25 Aprile 1599 – 3 September 1658)[lower-alpha 1] wis an Inglis militar an poleetical leader an later Laird Protector o the Commonweel o Ingland, Scotland an Ireland.

Oliver Cromwell
Oliver Cromwell by Samuel Cooper.jpg
A 1656 Samuel Cooper portrait o Cromwell
1st Laird Protector o the Commonweelth o Ingland, Scotland an Ireland
In office
16 December 1653 – 3 September 1658
Precedit biCooncil o State
Succeedit biRichard Cromwell
Member o Pairlament
for Cambridge
In office
1640–1649
MonarchCharles I
Member o Pairlament
for Huntingdon
In office
1628–1629
MonarchCharles I
Personal details
Born25 Apryle 1599(1599-04-25)
Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire, Ingland
Dee'd3 September 1658(1658-09-03) (aged 59)
Whitehall, Lunnon, Ingland
Restin placeTyburn, Lunnon
NaitionalityInglis
Spoose(s)Elizabeth Bourchier
Relations
  • Robert Cromwell (faither)
  • Elizabeth Steward (mither)
Bairns
Alma materSidney Sussex College, Cambridge
ThriftFarmer, pairlamentarian, militar commander
ReligionPuritan (Independent)
Signatur
Militar service
Nickname(s)Old Ironsides (Scots: Auld Airnsides)
AllegianceRoondheid
Service/branchEastren Association (1643–1645); New Model Airmy (1645–1646)
Years o service1643–51
RankColonel (1643 – bef. 1644); Lieutenant-General o Horse (bef. 1644–45); Lieutenant-General o Cavalry (1645–46)
CommandsCambridgeshire Ironsides (1643 – bef. 1644); Eastren Association (bef. 1644–45); New Model Airmy (1645–46)
Battles/warsInglis Ceevil War:
Gainsborough; Marston Moor; Newbury II; Naseby; Langport; Preston; Dunbar; Worcester

NotesEedit

  1. These dates are accordin tae the Julian calendar in force in Ingland during Cromwell's lifetime. The Gregorian calendar coonterparts are: 5 May 1599 – 13 September 1658 (see Auld Style an New Style dates).