Nicola Sturgeon

First Meenister o Scotland an leader o the Scots Naitional Pairty

Nicola Ferguson Sturgeon (born 19 Julie 1970) is the current First Mienister o Scotland an leader o the Scots National Pairty (SNP), in office syne the 20t November 2014. Sturgeon wis the Deputy First Meenister frae 2007 tae 2014. She is the furst wuman tae haud baith posietions, and is the fift First Mienister. Sturgeon haes been a memmer o the Scots Pairlament syne 1999, first as a addietional memmer for the Glesga electoral region frae 1999 tae 2007, an as the memmer for Glesga Soothside syne 2007 (kent as Glesga Govan frae 2007 tae 2011).

Nicola Sturgeon

Nicola Sturgeon 2021.jpg
First Meenister o Scotland
Assumed office
20 November 2014
MonarchElizabeth II
Charles III
DeputeJohn Swinney
Precedit biAlex Salmond
Leader o the Scots National Pairty
Assumed office
14 November 2014
DeputeKeith Brown
Precedit biAlex Salmond
Deputy First Meenister o Scotland
In office
17 Mey 2007 – 19 November 2014
First MeenisterAlex Salmond
Precedit biNicol Stephen
Succeedit biJohn Swinney
Cabinet Secretar for Infrastructur, Investment an Ceeties
In office
5 September 2012 – 19 November 2014
First MeenisterAlex Salmond
Precedit biAlex Neil
Succeedit biKeith Brown
Cabinet Secretar for Heal an Wellbein
In office
17 Mey 2007 – 5 September 2012
First MeenisterAlex Salmond
Precedit biAndy Kerr
Succeedit biAlex Neil
Depute Leader o the Scots National Pairty
In office
3 September 2004 – 14 November 2014
LeaderAlex Salmond
Precedit biRoseanna Cunningham
Succeedit biStewart Hosie
Memmer o the Scots Pairlament
for Glasgow Southside
Assumed office
6 Mey 2011
Precedit biConstituency creatit
Majority9,593 (38.5%)
Memmer o the Scots Pairlament
for Glesga Govan
In office
3 Mey 2007 – 5 Mey 2011
Precedit biGordon Jackson
Succeedit biConstituency abolished
Memmer o the Scots Pairlament
for Glesga
In office
6 Mey 1999 – 3 Mey 2007
Precedit biConstituency creatit
Succeedit biBob Doris
Personal details
BornNicola Ferguson Sturgeon
(1970-07-19) 19 Julie 1970 (age 52)
Irvine, Scotland
Poleetical pairtyScots National Pairty
Spoose(s)Peter Murrell
ResidenceBute House
Alma materVarsity o Glesga

A law graduate o the Varsity o Glesga, Sturgeon wirked as a solicitor in Glesga. Efter bein electit tae the Scots Pairlament, she served successively as the SNP's shadae mienister for eddication, heal an juistice. In 2004 she annunced that she wad staund as a candidate for the SNP leadership efter John Swinney demittit. Hounaiver, she later quat the contest in favour o Alex Salmond, staundin insteid as depute leader on a jynt ticket wi Salmond.

Baith Sturgeon an Salmond wis syne electit, an seein as Salmond wis still a MP in the Hoose o Commons, Sturgeon led the SNP in the Scots Pairlament frae 2004 tae 2007. The SNP wan the hiechest nummer o seats in the Scots Pairlament in the 2007 election an Salmond wis syne appyntit First Mienister. He appyntit Sturgeon as Depute First Meenister an Cabinet Secretar for Heal an Wellbein. She wis appyntit as Cabinet Secretar for Infrastructur, Investment an Cieties in 2012.

Follaein the defeat o the "Yes" campaign in the 2014 Scots unthirldom referendum, Salmond annunced that he wad be demittin as pairty leader at the SNP pairty conference that November, an wad demit as First Meenister efter a new leader wis chysen.[1] Naebody ither wis nominatit for the post bi the nominations shut, leavin Sturgeon tae tak the pairty leadership unopponed at the SNP's annual conference. She wis formally electit tae succeed Salmond as First Mienister on the 19 November.[2]

Sturgeon led the SNP in the 2015 general election, whaur the SNP teuk 56 o the 59 Scots seats, thair hiechest nummer o seats in the Hoose o Commons o the Unitit Kinrick. Thay teuk ower the Lieberal Democrats as the third maist biggest pairty in Wastmeenster and haed a 30% sweeng fae Labour.

Forbes magazine ranked Sturgeon as the 50t maist pouerfu wumman in the warld in 2016 an 2nt in the Unitit Kinrick.[3][4] In 2015, BBC Radio 4's Woman's Hour cryed Sturgeon the maist pouerful an influential wumman in the Unitit Kinrick.[5]

COVID–19 pandemicEedit

The warldwide pandemic o COVID-19 happent durin Sturgeon's seicont term as First Meenister. For tae kep an liemit the nummer o affectit fowk in Scotland, Sturgeon an the Scots Govrenment pat in place measurs thit wis advised bi NHS Scotland, stairtin wi mainteenin strict haund washin.[6] The first confirmed case o the virus in Scotland wis annunced on the 1 Mairch 2020, whan a Taysider testit positive. Sturgeon suin pat forrit mair advice an guidance as the nummer o positive cases gaed up, but said thit the shuttin o public places siclike as schuils an shops "wad be leukit intae".[6]

Sturgeon annunced tae the Scots Pairliament on the 18 Mairch thit aw schuils an nurseries in Scotland wad close on the 20 Mairch for tae try an liemit the spreid o the virus.[7] On the 23rd Mairch, Sturgeon pat oot a statement, pittin Scotland on a "lockdoun", liemitin the raisons fur hou people micht leave thair hames in a ettlin tae liemit the spreid o the virus, tae bield the halth o the population, as weel as tae tak the pressure aff o NHS Scotland services an staff.[8] Oothrou 2020, restrictions haes been adaptit tae suit the pairts or aw o Scotland tae respond tae developments in the seetiation.[9]

Relatit airticlesEedit


  1. Libby Brooks (19 September 2014). "Alex Salmond's resignation could give Nicola Sturgeon her day of destiny". The Guardian (in Inglis). Retrieved 19 November 2014.
  2. Campbell, Glenn (13 November 2014). "The transition from Alex Salmond to Nicola Sturgeon". BBC News (in Inglis). Retrieved 19 November 2014.
  3. "The World's 100 Most Powerful Women". Forbes (in Inglis). LLC. Retrieved 6 Juin 2016.
  4. "Nicola Sturgeon ranked second most powerful woman in UK". BBC News (in Inglis). 6 Juin 2016. Retrieved 6 Juin 2016.
  5. "Nicola Sturgeon tops Woman's Hour power list". BBC (in Inglis). Retrieved 1 Julie 2015.
  6. a b "Coronavirus: Some Scottish schools close for deep clean – BBC News" (in Inglis). 16 Mairch 2020. Retrieved 1 Juin 2020.
  7. "Coronavirus: Schools in Scotland and Wales to close from Friday – BBC News" (in Inglis). Retrieved 1 Juin 2020.
  8. "Coronavirus: Nicola Sturgeon says new rules amount to 'lockdown' – BBC News" (in Inglis). Retrieved 1 Juin 2020.
  9. SPICe (22 Januar 2021). "Timeline of Coronavirus (COVID-19) in Scotland". SPICe Spotlight | Solas air SPICe (in Inglis). Retrieved 28 Januar 2021.

Fremmit airtinsEedit