Naituralism is a leeterary muivement that emphasizes observation an the scienteefic method in the feectional portrayal o reality. Novelists writin in the naituralist mode include Émile Zola (its foonder), Thomas Hardy, Theodore Dreiser, Stephen Crane, an Frank Norris.
- Brooks, Cleanth; Lewis, R.W.B.; Warren, Robert Penn (1973). American literature; the makers and the making. New York: St. Martin's Press. p. 1215.