The Munich massacre wis an attack in the 1972 Simmer Olympics in Munich, Wast Germany, in that the Palestinian terrorist group Black September teuk eleiven Israeli Olympic team members hostage an killt them alang wi a Wast German polis officer.
|1972 Munich Massacre|
|Location||Munich, Wast Germany|
|Date||5–6 September 1972 |
4:31 am – 12:04 am (UTC+1)
|Target||Israeli Olympic team|
|Daiths||17 tot (includin perpetrators)
Shortly efter the creesis began, a Black September spokesman demandit that 234 Palestinian preesoners jailed in Israel an the Wast German–held foonders o the Reid Airmy Faction, Andreas Baader an Ulrike Meinhof, be released. Black September cried the operation "Iqrit an Biram", efter two Palestinian Christian veelages that's inhabitants war expelled bi the Israel Defence Forces (IDF) in the 1948 Arab–Israeli War. The Black September commander, Luttif Afif, wis born tae Jewish and Christian paurents. His group wis associatit wi secular naitionalism, wirkin for the richts o Palestinians in Israel. Wast German neo-Nazis gae the group logistical assistance.
Polis officers killt five o the aicht Black September members in a failed attempt tae rescue the hostages. A Wast German polisman wis an aw killed in the crossfire. The other three Palestinian hijackers war captured. The next month, houiver, follaein the hijackin o Lufthansa Flicht 615, the Wast German govrenment released them in a hostage exchange. Mossad respondit wi the 1973 Israeli raid on Lebanon an Operation Wraith o God, trackin doun an killin Palestinians suspectit o involvement in the Munich massacre.
Twa days prior tae the stairt o the 2016 Simmer Olympics, in a ceremony led bi Brazilian an Israeli officials, the Internaitional Olympic Committee honoured the eleiven Israelis that war killt at Munich.
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Early acts at Palestinian terrorism were geared toward drawing international attention to the plight of Arabs living under Israeli occupation and to secure the release of Palestinian prisoners. Unlike much later terrorism in the Arab Muslim world, these acts, which ranged from plane hijackings to targeted attacks on Israeli civilians, were motivated largely by a secular brand of nationalism. In fact, Luttif "Issa" Afif, the leader of the PLO-affiliated Black September group that captured and killed 11 Israeli athletes at the 1972 Munich Olympics, was born to a Jewish mother and a Christian father.
- Latsch, Gunther; Wiegrefe, Klaus (18 June 2012), "Files Reveal Neo-Nazis Helped Palestinian Terrorists", Spiegel Online
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- "First official Olympic ceremony held in memory of Munich victims", jpost.com; accessed 5 September 2017.