Mishnah using a printing press, from Naples, Italy, 1492

The Mishnah or Mishna (Ebreu: מִשְׁנָה‬, "study bi repeteetion"), frae the verb shanah שנה, or "tae study an review", an aa "seicontar,"[1] is the first major written redaction o the Jewish oral tradeetions kent as the "Oral Torah".


  1. The same meanin is suggestit bi the term Deuterosis ("doublin" or "repeteetion" in Auncient Greek) uised in Roman law an Patristic leeteratur. Houever it is nae always clear frae the context whether the reference is tae the Mishnah or tae the Targum, which could be regairdit as a "dooblin" o the Torah readin.