Margaretha Geertruida "Margreet" MacLeod (née Zelle; 7 August 1876 – 15 October 1917), better kent bi the stage name Mata Hari, wis a Dutch exotic dancer an coortesan wha wis convictit o bein a spy an executit bi firin squad in Fraunce unner charges o espionage for Germany during Warld War I.
1906 postcard (colourised)
Margaretha Geertruida Zelle|
7 August 1876
15 October 1917 (aged 41)|
Vincennes, Paris, Fraunce
Cause o daith
|Execution bi firin squad|
|Kent for||Receivin a conviction for pro-German espionage frae French militar coorts in Warld War I|
|Hicht||5 feet 10 inches (1.78 m)|
|Hauf-marrae(s)||Rudolf John MacLeod (1895–1906) (divorced)|
Adam Zelle |
Antje van der Meulen
- Howe, Russel Warren (1986). Mata Hari: The True Story. New York: Dodd, Mead and Company. pp. x–xi, 285.
- "Mata Hari". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 21 August 2007.
The daughter of a prosperous hatter, she attended a teachers' college in Leiden. In 1895 she married an officer whose family was of Scottish origin, Captain Rudolph MacLeod, in the Dutch colonial army, and from 1897 to 1902 they lived in Java and Sumatra. The couple returned to Europe but later separated, and she began to dance professionally in Paris in 1905 under the name of Lady MacLeod. She soon called herself Mata Hari, said to be a Malay expression for the sun (literally, "eye of the day"). Tall, extremely attractive, superficially acquainted with East Indian dances, and willing to appear virtually nude in public, she was an instant success in Paris and other large cities.