Mani (in Middle Persie Māni an Syriac Mānī, Greek Μάνης, Laitin Manes; an aa Μανιχαίος, Laitin Manichaeus, frae Syriac ܡܐܢܝ ܚܝܐ Mānī ḥayyā "Living Mani", c. 216–274 AD), o Iranian origin, wis the prophet an the foonder o Manichaeism, a gnostic releegion o Late Antiquity which wis ance widespread but is nou extinct.
Ctesiphon, Parthian Babylonia (modren-day Iraq)
|Died||2 Mairch 274 AD|
Gundeshapur, Sassanid Empire (modren-day Iran)
|Kent for||Foonder o Manichaeism|
- Taraporewala, I.J.S., Manichaeism, Iran Chamber Society, retrieved 2015-01-12
- SASANIAN DYNASTY, retrieved 2015-01-12
- Boyce, Mary (2001), Zoroastrians: their religious beliefs and practices, Routledge, p. 111,
He was Iranian, of noble Parthian blood...
- Ball, Warwick (2001), Rome in the East: the transformation of an empire, Routledge, p. 437,
Manichaeism was a syncretic religion, proclaimed by the Iranian Prophet Mani.
- Sundermann, Werner (2009), "Mani, the founder of the religion of Manicheism in the 3rd century CE", Iranica, Sundermann,
According to the Fehrest, Mani was of Arsacid stock on both his father’s and his mother’s sides, at least if the readings al-ḥaskāniya (Mani’s father) and al-asʿāniya (Mani’s mother) are corrected to al-aškāniya and al-ašḡāniya (ed. Flügel, 1862, p. 49, ll. 2 and 3) respectively. The forefathers of Mani’s father are said to have been from Hamadan and so perhaps of Iranian origin (ed. Flügel, 1862, p. 49, 5–6). The Chinese Compendium, which makes the father a local king, maintains that his mother was from the house Jinsajian, explained by Henning as the Armenian Arsacid family of Kamsarakan (Henning, 1943, p. 52, n. 4 = 1977, II, p. 115). Is that fact, or fiction, or both? The historicity of this tradition is assumed by most, but the possibility that Mani’s noble Arsacid background is legendary cannot be ruled out (cf. Scheftelowitz, 1933, pp. 403–4). In any case, it is characteristic that Mani took pride in his origin from time-honored Babel, but never claimed affiliation to the Iranian upper class.
- Bausani, Alessandro (2000), Religion in Iran: from Zoroaster to Baha'ullah, Bibliotheca Persica Press, p. 80,
We are now certain that Mani was of Iranian stock on both his father's and his mother's side.