A maigrim is a primar heidache disorder chairacterised bi recurrent heidaches that are moderate tae severe.[1] Teepically, the heidaches affect ane hauf o the head, are pulsatin in naitur, an last frae twa tae 72 oors.[1] Associated symptoms mey include nausea, vomitin, an sensitivity tae licht, soond, or smell.[2] The pyne is generally made worse bi pheesical acteevity.[12] Up tae ane-third o fowk hae an aura: teepically a short period o veesual disturbance that seegnals that the heidache will suin occur.[12] Occasionally, an aura can occur wi little or na heidache follaein it.[13]

Migraine
Migraine.jpg
Wumman wi a maigrim headache
SpecialtyNeurology
SymptomsHeidaches, nausea, sensitivity tae licht, sensitivity tae soond, sensitivity tae smell[1][2]
Uisual onsetAroond puberty[1]
DurationRecurrent, lang term[1]
CausesEnvironmental an genetic[3]
Risk factorsFaimily history, female[4][5]
Seemilar condeetionsSubarachnoid hemorrhage, venous thrombosis, idiopathic intracranial hypertension, harn tumour, tension headache, sinusitis,[6] cluster heidache[7]
PreventionMetoprolol, valproate, topiramate[8][9]
MedicationIbuprofen, paracetamol (acetaminophen), triptans, ergotamines[5][10]
Frequency~15%[11]

ReferencesEedit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 "Headache disorders Fact sheet N°277". October 2012. Archived frae the oreeginal on 16 February 2016. Retrieved 15 February 2016. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  2. 2.0 2.1 Aminoff, Roger P. Simon, David A. Greenberg, Michael J. (2009). Clinical neurology (7 ed.). New York, N.Y: Lange Medical Books/McGraw-Hill. pp. 85–88. ISBN 9780071664332.
  3. Piane M, Lulli P, Farinelli I, Simeoni S, De Filippis S, Patacchioli FR, Martelletti P (December 2007). "Genetics of migraine and pharmacogenomics: some considerations". The journal of headache and pain. 8 (6): 334–9. doi:10.1007/s10194-007-0427-2. PMC 2779399. PMID 18058067.
  4. Lay CL, Broner SW (May 2009). "Migraine in women". Neurologic Clinics. 27 (2): 503–11. doi:10.1016/j.ncl.2009.01.002. PMID 19289228.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Bartleson JD, Cutrer FM (May 2010). "Migraine update. Diagnosis and treatment". Minn Med. 93 (5): 36–41. PMID 20572569.
  6. Olesen, Jes (2006). The Headaches (in Inglis). Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 424. ISBN 9780781754002. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2017-09-08. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  7. "Cluster Headache". American Migraine Foundation. 2017-02-15. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2018-05-09. Retrieved 2017-10-23. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  8. Armstrong, C; American Academy of, Neurology; American Headache, Society (15 April 2013). "AAN/AHS update recommendations for migraine prevention in adults". American Family Physician. 87 (8): 584–5. PMID 23668450.
  9. Linde M, Mulleners WM, Chronicle EP, McCrory DC (June 2013). "Valproate (valproic acid or sodium valproate or a combination of the two) for the prophylaxis of episodic migraine in adults". Cochrane Database Syst Rev (6): CD010611. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD010611. PMID 23797677.
  10. Gilmore, B; Michael, M (2011-02-01). "Treatment of acute migraine headache". American Family Physician. 83 (3): 271–80. PMID 21302868.
  11. Vos, T; Flaxman, AD; Naghavi, M; Lozano, R; Michaud, C; Ezzati, M; Shibuya, K; Salomon, JA; et al. (Dec 15, 2012). "Years lived with disability (YLDs) for 1160 sequelae of 289 diseases and injuries 1990–2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010". Lancet. 380 (9859): 2163–96. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(12)61729-2. PMID 23245607.
  12. 12.0 12.1 Headache Classification Subcommittee of the International Headache Society (2004). "The International Classification of Headache Disorders: 2nd edition". Cephalalgia. 24 (Suppl 1): 9–160. doi:10.1111/j.1468-2982.2004.00653.x. PMID 14979299. as PDF Archived 2010-03-31 at the Wayback Machine.
  13. Pryse-Phillips,, William (2003). Companion to clinical neurology (2nd ed.). Oxford: Oxford university press. p. 587. ISBN 9780195159387. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2017-03-13. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)