Loch Urmia is an endorheic saut loch in northwastren Iran near Iran's border wi Turkey.[3][4]

Loch Urmia
Lake urmia 1984.jpg
Loch Urmia frae space in 1984
Coordinates37°42′N 45°19′E / 37.700°N 45.317°E / 37.700; 45.317Coordinates: 37°42′N 45°19′E / 37.700°N 45.317°E / 37.700; 45.317
Teepsaut (hypersaline) loch
Primary inflowsZarriné-Rūd, Simineh-Rūd, Mahabad River, Gadar River, Barandouz River, Shahar River, Nazlou River, Zola River, Qatur River, Kaftar Ali Chay, Aji Chay, Boyuk Chay, Rudkhaneh-ye Qal'eh Chay, Qobi Chay, Rudkhaneh-ye Mordaq, Leylan River
Primar ootflowsnone: aw watter enterin the loch is lost throu evaporation
Basin kintrasIran
Max. lenth140 km (87 mi)
Max. weenth55 km (34 mi)
Surface aurie5,200 km2 (2,000 sq mi)
Max. deepth16 m (52 ft)
Salinity217–235 g L-1 Na–(Mg)–Cl–(SO4) brine[1]
8–11% in ware, 26-28% in late hairst[2]
Islands102 (see leet)


  1. Stevens, Lora R.; Djamali, Morteza; Andrieu-Ponel, Valérie; de Beaulieu, Jacques-Louis (1 April 2012). "Hydroclimatic variations over the last two glacial/interglacial cycles at Lake Urmia, Iran" (PDF). Journal of Paleolimnology. Springer Netherlands. 47 (4): 647. doi:10.1007/s10933-012-9588-3.
  2. Lake Urmia. 2012. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Retrieved 14 August 2015, from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/619901/Lake-Urmia
  3. Henry, Roger (2003) Synchronized chronology: Rethinking Middle East Antiquity: A Simple Correction to Egyptian Chronology Resolves the Major Problems in Biblical and Greek Archaeology Algora Publishing, New York, p. 138, ISBN 0-87586-191-1
  4. E. J. Brill's first encyclopaedia of Islam, 1913–1936, vol. 7, page 1037 citin Strabo an Ptolemy.