Open main menu

Loch Urmia is an endorheic saut loch in northwastren Iran near Iran's border wi Turkey.[3][4]

Loch Urmia
Lake urmia 1984.jpg
Loch Urmia frae space in 1984
Coordinates 37°42′N 45°19′E / 37.700°N 45.317°E / 37.700; 45.317Coordinates: 37°42′N 45°19′E / 37.700°N 45.317°E / 37.700; 45.317
Teep saut (hypersaline) loch
Primary inflows Zarriné-Rūd, Simineh-Rūd, Mahabad River, Gadar River, Barandouz River, Shahar River, Nazlou River, Zola River, Qatur River, Kaftar Ali Chay, Aji Chay, Boyuk Chay, Rudkhaneh-ye Qal'eh Chay, Qobi Chay, Rudkhaneh-ye Mordaq, Leylan River
Primar ootflows none: aw watter enterin the loch is lost throu evaporation
Basin kintras Iran
Max. lenth 140 km (87 mi)
Max. weenth 55 km (34 mi)
Surface aurie 5,200 km2 (2,000 sq mi)
Max. deepth 16 m (52 ft)
Salinity 217–235 g L-1 Na–(Mg)–Cl–(SO4) brine[1]
8–11% in ware, 26-28% in late hairst[2]
Islands 102 (see leet)


  1. Stevens, Lora R.; Djamali, Morteza; Andrieu-Ponel, Valérie; de Beaulieu, Jacques-Louis (1 April 2012). "Hydroclimatic variations over the last two glacial/interglacial cycles at Lake Urmia, Iran" (PDF). Journal of Paleolimnology. Springer Netherlands. 47 (4): 647. doi:10.1007/s10933-012-9588-3. 
  2. Lake Urmia. 2012. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Retrieved 14 August 2015, from
  3. Henry, Roger (2003) Synchronized chronology: Rethinking Middle East Antiquity: A Simple Correction to Egyptian Chronology Resolves the Major Problems in Biblical and Greek Archaeology Algora Publishing, New York, p. 138, ISBN 0-87586-191-1
  4. E. J. Brill's first encyclopaedia of Islam, 1913–1936, vol. 7, page 1037 citin Strabo an Ptolemy.