Loch Baikal (Roushie: о́зеро Байка́л; Buryat: Байгал нуур, Mongolie: Байгал нуур, Baygal nuur, meanin "naitur loch";[3]) is a rift loch in Roushie, locatit in soothren Siberie, atween Irkutsk Oblast tae the northwast an the Buryat Republic tae the sootheast.

Loch Baikal
Olkhon Island and Lake Baikal.jpg
Karte baikal2.png
LocationSiberie, Roushie
Coordinates53°30′N 108°0′E / 53.500°N 108.000°E / 53.500; 108.000Coordinates: 53°30′N 108°0′E / 53.500°N 108.000°E / 53.500; 108.000
Loch teepContinental rift lake
Primary inflowsSelenge, Barguzin, Upper Angara
Primar ootflowsAngara
Catchment aurie560,000 km2 (216,000 sq mi)
Basin kintrasRoushie an Mongolie
Max. lenth636 km (395 mi)
Max. weenth79 km (49 mi)
Surface aurie31,722 km2 (12,248 sq mi)[1]
Average deepth744.4 m (2,442 ft)[1]
Max. deepth1,642 m (5,387 ft)[1]
Watter vollum23,615.39 km3 (5,700 cu mi)[1]
Residence time330 years[2]
Shore lenth12,100 km (1,300 mi)
Surface elevation455.5 m (1,494 ft)
Islands27 (Olkhon)
Criteriavii, viii, ix, x
Designatit1996 (22nt session)
Reference no.754
State PairtyFlag of Russia.svg Roushie
1 Shore lenth is nae a weel-defined meisur.


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "A new bathymetric map of Lake Baikal. MORPHOMETRIC DATA. INTAS Project 99-1669.Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium; Consolidated Research Group on Marine Geosciences (CRG-MG), University of Barcelona, Spain; Limnological Institute of the Siberian Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Irkutsk, Russian Federation; State Science Research Navigation-Hydrographic Institute of the Ministry of Defense, St.Petersburg, Russian Federation". Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium. Retrieved 9 July 2009.
  2. M.A. Grachev. "On the present state of the ecological system of lake Baikal". Lymnological Institute, Siberian Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 9 July 2009.
  3. Altangerel Damdinsuren, English to Mongolian Dictionary (1998) Silverland: A Winter Journey Beyond the Urals, London, John Murray, page 173