The Liao dynasty (Khitan: Mos Jælud; simplifeed Cheenese: 辽朝; traditeeonal Cheenese: 遼朝; pinyin: Liáo cháo),[3] offeecially the Great Liao (Cheenese: 大遼; pinyin: Dà Liáo), an aa kent as the Khitan Empire (Khitan: Mos diau-d kitai huldʒi gur; Cheenese: 契丹国; pinyin: Qìdān guó)[4] an the Liao Empire, wis an empire in East Asie that ruled frae 907 tae 1125 ower present-day Mongolie an portions o the Roushie Far East, northren Korea, an northren Cheenae.[5] The Liao dynasty wis foonded bi Abaoji, Khagan o the Khitan fowk aroond the time o the collapse o Tang Cheenae. It wis the first state to control aw o Manchurie.[6]

Liao dynasty

遼朝
契丹國.png
907–1125
Liao dynasty at its greatest extent, c. 1000
Liao dynasty at its greatest extent, c. 1000
StatusSinicised nomadic empire
Conquest Dynasty
in northren Cheenae
CaipitalShangjing1
Common leidsKhitan, Middle Cheenese
Releegion
Buddhism
Khitan tradeetional animism

Influences frae:
Taoism
Zodiac
Zoroastrianism
GovrenmentMonarchy
Emperor 
• 907–926
Taizu (Abaoji)
• 926–947
Taizong
• 947–951
Shizong
• 951–969
Muzong
• 969–982
Jingzong
• 982–1031
Shengzong
• 1031–1055
Xingzong
• 1055–1101
Daozong
• 1101–1125
Tianzuo
History 
• Abaoji begins militar campaigns
901
• Abaoji acomes the Great Khan o Khitan
907
• Abaoji assumes the teetle o Celestial Emperor
916
• "Greater Liao" adoptit as a dynastic name
947
• Liao an Song Dynasties sign the Chanyuan Treaty
1005
• Emergence o Jin dynasty
1114–1115
• Emperor Tianzuo capturt bi Jin
1125
• Qara Khitai established
1124
Aurie
947 est.[1][2]2,600,000 km2 (1,000,000 sq mi)
1111 est.4,000,000 km2 (1,500,000 sq mi)
Precedit bi
Succeedit bi
Khitan fowk
Tang dynasty
Uyghur Khaganate
Later Jìn
Kumo Xi
Shiwei
Balhae
Zubu
Karluks
Jīn dynasty
Northren Liao
Wastren Xia
Qara Khitai
Khamag Mongol
Kinrick o Qocho
The day pairt oCheenae (PRC), Mongolie, Kazakhstan, Roushie, North Korea
1. Shangjing wis the first o five caipitals that war established, aw o which served concurrently as regional caipitals.

ReferencesEedit

  1. Turchin, Adams, and Hall (2006), 222.
  2. Rein Taagepera (September 1997). "Expansion and Contraction Patterns of Large Polities: Context for Russia". International Studies Quarterly 41 (3): 475–504.
  3. (in Cheenese) 愛新覚羅烏拉熙春 (Aisin-Gioro Ulhicun) (2009). "遼朝國號非「哈喇契丹(遼契丹)」考:兼擬契丹大字 及契丹小字 的音値 (The State Name of the Liao dynasty was not "Qara Khitai (Liao Khitai)": with Presumptions of Phonetic Values of Khitai Large Script   and Khitai Small Script  )". 愛新覚羅烏拉熙春女真契丹学研究. Shōkadō (松香堂). Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help); freemit airtin in |chapter= (help)
  4. (in Cheenese) 愛新覚羅烏拉熙春 (Aisin-Gioro Ulhicun) (2009). "契丹文dan gur與「東丹國」國號:兼評劉浦江「再談"東丹國"國号問題」 (Original Meaning of Dan gur in the Khitai Scripts: with a Discussion of the State Name of the Dongdanguo)". 愛新覚羅烏拉熙春女真契丹学研究. Shōkadō (松香堂). Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help); freemit airtin in |chapter= (help)
  5. Ledyard, 1983, 323
  6. Ruins of Identity: Ethnogenesis in the Japanese Islands By Mark Hudson