Leet o Warld Heritage Steids in the Arab states

Wikimedia leet airticle

This is a leet o Warld Heritage Steids in the Arab states,[1] in Wastren Asie an North Africae, occupyin an aurie stretchin frae the Atlantic Ocean in the wast tae the Arabian Sea in the east, an frae the Mediterranean Sea.


The leet ablo contains an eemage o the steid or pairt o the steid; the name as inscribed bi UNESCO; the location; the nominatin state pairty; the criteria met bi the steid, includin if it is a cultural, naitural or mixed; the aurie in hectares an acres, excludin ony buffer zones, wi a value o zero implying that nae data is published bi UNESCO; the year the steid wis inscribit; an a description o the steid.

  † In danger
Steid Eemage Location Criteria Aurie
ha (acre)
Year Descreeption
Beni Hammad Fort   AlgerieM'sila Province,
35°48′50″N 04°47′36″E / 35.81389°N 4.79333°E / 35.81389; 4.79333
150 (370) 1980 In a moontainous steid o extraordinary beauty, the ruins o the first caipital o the Hammadid emirs, foondit in 1007 an demolished in 1152, provide an authentic picture o a fortified Muslim ceety. The mosque, whose prayer room haes 13 aisles wi aicht bays, is ane o the lairgest in Algerie.

. Beni Hammad Fort is near the toun o Maadid (aka Maadhid), aboot 225 kilometres (140 mi) sootheast o Algiers..[2]

Djémila   AlgerieSétif Province,
36°19′14″N 5°44′12″E / 36.32056°N 5.73667°E / 36.32056; 5.73667
31 (77) 1982 Djémila (formerly kent as Cuicul) wis a Roman toun in a moontainous steid, comprising a forum, temples, basilicas, triumphal airches an releegious biggins an ither structures, each adaptit tae a location 900 m (3,000 ft) abuin sea level.[3]
Kasbah o Algiers   AlgeriaAlgiers Province,
36°47′00″N 3°03′37″E / 36.78333°N 3.06028°E / 36.78333; 3.06028
50 (120) 1982 The Kasbah o Algiers is a unique Islamic ceety on the Mediterranean coast. It contains remains o a citadel, medieval mosques an Ottoman palaces.[4]
M'zab Valley   AlgerieGhardaïa Province,
32°29′00″N 3°41′00″E / 32.48333°N 3.68333°E / 32.48333; 3.68333
4,000 (9,900) 1982 The intact, tradeetional human habitat wis biggit aroond five ksour o the M'zab Valley in the 10t century bi the Ibadites.[5]
Tassili n'Ajjer   AlgeriaIllizi an Tamanrasset Provinces,
25°30′00″N 9°00′00″E / 25.50000°N 9.00000°E / 25.50000; 9.00000
7,200,000 (18,000,000) 1982 A vast plateau on the edge o the Sahara, Tassili n'Ajjer contains mair nor 15,000 cave engravings that record climatic chynges, ainimal migrations, an the evolution o human life, datin frae 6,000 BCE tae the first centuries CE. It is an aw noted for its erodit sandstone landforms.[6]
Timgad   AlgeriaBatna Province,
35°27′00″N 6°38′00″E / 35.45000°N 6.63333°E / 35.45000; 6.63333
91 (220) 1982 Established bi Emperor Trajan in 100 CE as a militar colony, Timgad features cardo an decumanus streets, consteetutin a teepical ensaumple o Roman toun-plannin.[7]
Tipasa   AlgeriaTipaza Province,
36°32′00″N 2°22′00″E / 36.53333°N 2.36667°E / 36.53333; 2.36667
52 (130) 1982 Previously a Carthaginian tredin centre, Tipasa wis conquered bi the Romans an convertit intae a militar base. The steid an aw bears witness tae paleochristian an Byzantine influences.[8]
Dilmun Burial Moonds   BahrainNorthren Govrenorate,
26°8′59″N 50°30′46″E / 26.14972°N 50.51278°E / 26.14972; 50.51278
168.45 (416.2) 2019 Locatit in the wastren pairt o Bahrain Island, Dilmun Burial Moonds date back tae the Dilmun, the Umm al-Nar culture. Thay war biggit atween 2050 an 1750 BCE include 21 aircheologeecal steids wi mair nor 11 K burial moonds an 17 ryal moonds biggit as 2-storeyed funeral touers.[9]
Qal'at al-Bahrain – Auncient Harbour an Caipital o Dilmun   BahrainNorthren Govrenorate,
26°13′59″N 50°31′38″E / 26.23306°N 50.52722°E / 26.23306; 50.52722
32 (79) 2005 Qal'at al-Bahrain wis the caipital o the Dilmun ceevilisation, bearin witness tae continuous human occupation frae circa 2300 BC tae the present. A Portuguese fort staunds on the tap o the steid.[10]
Pearlin, Testimony o an Island Economy   Bahrain  Bahrain
26°14′28″N 50°36′49″E / 26.24111°N 50.61361°E / 26.24111; 50.61361
35,087 (86,700) 2012 Conseestin o biggins in Muharraq, oyster beds, a segment o the coast an a fortress, the steid testifies tae the pearlin tradeetion that dominatit the Arabian Gulf frae the 2nt century tae the early 20t century, when the introduction o cultured pearls frae Japan resultit in the crash o pearlin economy in Bahrain.[11]
Abu Mena   EgypAlexandria Govrenorate,
30°51′00″N 29°40′00″E / 30.85000°N 29.66667°E / 30.85000; 29.66667
183 (450) 1979 The ruins o the umwhile Christian halt ceety contain a kirk, a baptistery, basilicas, public biggins, streets, monasteries, hooses, an workshops, an wue biggit ower the tomb o Menas o Alexandria.[12]
Auncient Thebes wi its Necropolis   EgypLuxor Govrenorate,
25°44′00″N 32°36′00″E / 25.73333°N 32.60000°E / 25.73333; 32.60000
7,390 (18,300) 1979 The umwhile caipital o Egyp an the ceety o Amun, Thebes contains temples an palaces at Karnak an Luxor, as weel as the necropolises at the Valley o the Keengs an the Valley o the Queens, bearin witness tae the hicht o the Egyptian ceevilisation.[13]
Historic Cairo   EgypCairo Govrenorate,
30°03′00″N 31°15′40″E / 30.05000°N 31.26111°E / 30.05000; 31.26111
524 (1,290) 1979 Ane o the warld's auldest Islamic ceeties an in the middle o urban Cairo, the site dates frae the 10t century an reached its gowden age in the 14t century. It contains mosques, madrasah, hammams an foontains.[14]
Memphis an its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields frae Giza tae Dahshur   EgypGiza Govrenorate,
30°03′00″N 31°15′40″E / 30.05000°N 31.26111°E / 30.05000; 31.26111
16,358.52 (40,422.8) 1979 The caipital o the Auld Kinrick o Egyp haes some extraordinary funerary monuments, includin rock tombs, ornate mastabas, temples an pyramids. In auncient times, the steid wis conseedert ane o the Seiven Wonders o the Warld.[15]
Nubian Monuments frae Abu Simbel tae Philae   EgypAswan Govrenorate,
22°20′11″N 31°37′34″E / 22.33639°N 31.62611°E / 22.33639; 31.62611
374 (920) 1979 Locatit alang the Nile, the steid contains monuments sic as the Temple o Ramesses II at Abu Simbel an the Sanctuary o Isis at Philae, saved frae bein submerged bi Loch Nasser as a result o the construction o the Aswan Dam.[16]
Saunt Catherine Aurie   EgypSooth Sinai Govrenorate,
28°33′22″N 33°58′32″E / 28.55611°N 33.97556°E / 28.55611; 33.97556
60,100 (149,000) 2002 The orthodox monastery o Saunt Catherine is amang the auldest Christian monasteries still in function. Datin frae the 6t century, it is poseetioned near Mount Horeb whaur, accordin tae the Auld Testament, Moses received the Tablets o the Law. The region is saucrit for Christians, Muslims an Jews.[17]
Wadi Al-Hitan (Whale Valley)   EgypFaiyum Govrenorate,
29°20′00″N 30°11′00″E / 29.33333°N 30.18333°E / 29.33333; 30.18333
20,015 (49,460) 2005 Locatit in wastren Egyp, Wadi Al-Hitan contains fossil remains o the nou extinct Archaeoceti, mappin the evolution o the whales frae a laund-based tae an aquatic mammal.[18]
The Ahwar o Soothren Iraq: Refuge o Biodiversity an the Relict Laundscape o the Mesopotamian Ceeties   Irq  Iraq
31°33′44″N 47°39′28″E / 31.56222°N 47.65778°E / 31.56222; 47.65778
211,544 (522,740) 2016 Locatit in soothren Iraq, the site contains three ceeties o Sumerian oreegin, namely Uruk, Ur an Eridu, in addition tae fower wetland aurie in the Iraqi Marshlands.[19]
Babylon   IraqBabil Govrenorate,
32°32′31.09″N 44°25′15″E / 32.5419694°N 44.42083°E / 32.5419694; 44.42083
1,054.3 (2,605) 2019 [20]
Erbil Citadel   IrqArbil Govrenorate,   Iraq
36°11′28″N 44°00′33″E / 36.19111°N 44.00917°E / 36.19111; 44.00917
16 (40) 2014 Situatit on the tap o a tell in Iraqi an owerleukin the ceety o Erbil, the Erbil Citadel consteetutes a teepical ensaumple o Ottoman-era urban-planning. In addeetion tae its 19t century fortifeecations, the steid an aw contains remains datin back tae the Assirian period.[21]
Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat)   IrqSalah ad Din Govrenorate,
35°27′32″N 43°15′35″E / 35.45889°N 43.25972°E / 35.45889; 43.25972
70 (170) 2003 Locatit on the Tigris an datin frae the 3rd millennium BCE, Ashur wis the first caipital o the Assirian Empire an the releegious centre o the Assirians. Follaein its destruction bi the Babylonians, the ceety wis briefly revived durin the Parthian period.[22]
Hatra   IrqNinawa Govrenorate,
35°35′17″N 42°43′06″E / 35.58806°N 42.71833°E / 35.58806; 42.71833
324 (800) 1985 The fortified Parthian ceety o Hatra withstood repeatit attacks bi the Roman Empire in the 2nt century. Its airchitectur reflects baith Hellenistic an Roman influences.[23]
Samarra Aircheological Ceety   IrqSalah ad Din Govrenorate,
34°20′28″N 43°49′25″E / 34.34111°N 43.82361°E / 34.34111; 43.82361
15,058 (37,210) 2007 Locatit on the Tigris, the Islamic ceety of Samarra wis the caipital o the Abbasid Caliphate. It contains twa o the lairgest mosques an seiveral o the lairgest palaces in the Islamic warld, in addeetion tae bein amang the finest ensaumple o Abbasid-era toun-plannin.[24]
Bapteesm Steid "Bethany Beyond the Jordan" (Al-Maghtas)   Jor
31°50′14″N 35°33′10″E / 31.83722°N 35.55278°E / 31.83722; 35.55278
294 (730) 2015 Situatit on the Jordan River, Al-Maghtas is conseedert the location o the Bapteesm o Jesus bi John the Baptist. A Christian pilgrimage steid, it contains remains o Roman an Byzantine kirks, chapels, a monastery, caves an pools.[25]
Petra   JorMa'an Govrenorate,
30°19′50″N 35°26′36″E / 30.33056°N 35.44333°E / 30.33056; 35.44333
1985 The Nabataean ceety o Petra wis a major tredin hub atween Arabie, Egyp an Sirie-Phoenicie, famed for its rock-cut airchitectur as weel as its minin an watter engineerin seestems.[26]
Quseir Amra   JorZarqa Govrenorate,
31°48′7″N 36°35′9″E / 31.80194°N 36.58583°E / 31.80194; 36.58583
1985 The desert castle o Quseir Amra wis biggit in the early 8t century, an haed served baith as a fortress an an Umayyad ryal pailace. The steid awso notit for its extensive frescoes, consteetitim an important an unique ensaumple o early Islamic airt.[27]
Um er-Rasas (Kastrom Mefa'a)   JorMadaba Govrenorate,
31°30′6″N 35°55′14″E / 31.50167°N 35.92056°E / 31.50167; 35.92056
24 (59) 2005 Established as a Roman militar camp, Um er-Rasas grew intae a dounset bi the 5t century, inhabited successively bi Christian an Islamic communities. The lairgely unexcavatit steid contains ruins o Roman fortifeecations, kirks wi well-preserved mosaic fluirs an twa stylite touers.[28]
Wadi Rum Protectit Aurie   Jor  Jordan
29°38′23″N 35°26′02″E / 29.63972°N 35.43389°E / 29.63972; 35.43389
74,180 (183,300) 2005 Situatit in soothren Jordan, Wadi Rum features a great variety o desert laundforms includin saundstone valleys, naitural arches, gorges, cliffs, laundslides an caverns. The steid awso contains extensive rock airt, inscriptions an archaeological remains, bearin witness tae mair nor 12,000 years of continuous human habitation.[29]
Anjar   LbnBeqaa Govrenorate,
33°43′33″N 35°55′47″E / 33.72583°N 35.92972°E / 33.72583; 35.92972
1984 Established in the early 8t century, the ceety o Anjar wis quickly abandoned follaein the faw o the Umayyad Caliphate, leavin behind ruins o walls, touers, pailaces, mosques an baths, consteetutin an ensaumple o Umayyad period toun-planning.[30]
Baalbek   LbnBaalbek-Hermel Govrenorate,
34°00′25″N 36°12′18″E / 34.00694°N 36.20500°E / 34.00694; 36.20500
1984 Previously kent as Heliopolis, the Phoenician ceety o Baalbek hosts some o the lairgest an best preserved Roman temples, includin the Temples o Jupiter, Venus an Bacchus.[31]
Byblos   LbnMoont Lebanon Govrenorate,
34°07′09″N 35°38′51″E / 34.11917°N 35.64750°E / 34.11917; 35.64750
1984 Continuously inhabitit syne the Neolithic Era, Byblos wis ane o the auldest ceeties o Phoenician oreegin. It haes syne witness Persie, Roman, Crusader an Ottoman occupation, each exerting influence upon its airchitectur. Byblos awso played a signifeecant role in the diffusion o the Phoenician alphabet.[32]
Ouadi Qadisha (the Haly Valley) an the Forest o the Cedars o God (Horsh Arz el-Rab)   LbnNorth Lebanon Govrenorate,
34°14′36″N 36°02′56″E / 34.24333°N 36.04889°E / 34.24333; 36.04889
1998 The Qadisha Valley haes providit shelter for Christian communities syne the beginnings o Christianity, hostin a lairge nummer o monasteries an hermitages. The Forest o the Cedars o God is amang the last locations whaur Cedrus libani still grows, historically ane o the maist prized construction materials.[33]
Tyre   LbnSooth Lebanon Govrenorate,
33°16′19″N 35°11′40″E / 33.27194°N 35.19444°E / 33.27194; 35.19444
154 (380) 1984 The ancient Phoenician ceety o Tyre wis ane o the foremost maritime pouers in the eastren Mediterranean an reportitly whaur purple dye wis discovered. Extant airchaeological remains mainly date back tae Roman times, includin baths, an arena, a colonnaded road, a triumphal arch, an aqueduct an a hippodrome.[34]
Archaeological Steid o Cyrene   LibJabal al Akhdar,
32°49′30″N 21°51′30″E / 32.82500°N 21.85833°E / 32.82500; 21.85833
1982 The formerly Greek colony o Cyrene wis Romanized an transformed intae a caipitsl, until it wis destroyed bi the 365 Crete earthquake. The thoosand-year-auld ruins hae remained renowned syne the 18t century.[35]
Archaeological Steid o Leptis Magna   LibKhoms,
32°38′18″N 14°17′35″E / 32.63833°N 14.29306°E / 32.63833; 14.29306
1982 The Roman ceety o Leptis Magna wis enlairged bi Emperor Septimius Severus, who wis born thare. Public monuments, a harbour, a marketplace, storehooses, shops, an homes wur amang the reasons for its induction intae the leet.[36]
Airchaeological Steid o Sabratha   LibZawiya Destrict,
32°48′19″N 12°29′06″E / 32.80528°N 12.48500°E / 32.80528; 12.48500
1982 Foondit as a Phoenician trading post, Sabratha wis briefly ruled bi Masinissa o Numidie afore its Romanization an reconstruction in the 2nt an 3rd centuries.[37]
Auld Toun o Ghadamès   LibNalut Destrict,
30°08′00″N 9°30′00″E / 30.13333°N 9.50000°E / 30.13333; 9.50000
1986 Locatit in an oasis, Ghadames is amang the auldest o pre-Saharan ceeties an represents a tradeetional domestic airchitectur wi vertical deevision o functions.[38]
Rock-airt steids o Tadrart Acacus   LibFezzan,
24°50′00″N 10°20′00″E / 24.83333°N 10.33333°E / 24.83333; 10.33333
1985 The massif o Tadrart Acacus contains thoosands o cave pentins in different styles, datin frae 12,000 BCE tae 100 CE, reflectin chynges o flora an fauna in the region as weel as different lifestyles o successive populations in the Sahara.[39]
Ancient Ksour o Ouadane, Chinguetti, Tichitt an Oualata   MauritaniaOuadane,
an Oualata,
20°55′44″N 11°37′25″W / 20.92889°N 11.62361°W / 20.92889; -11.62361
1996 Thir fower settlements wur foondit in the 11t an 12t centuries, oreeginally meant tae serve caravan tred routes across the Sahara. Thay gradually evolved intae Islamic cultural centres, bearin witness tae the nomadic lifestyle o the populations o wastren Sahara.[40]
Banc d'Arguin Naitional Pairk   MauritaniaNouadhibou an Azefal,
20°14′05″N 16°06′32″W / 20.23472°N 16.10889°W / 20.23472; -16.10889
1,200,000 (3,000,000) 1989 The pairk conseests o saund dunes, coastal swamps, smaw islands, an shallow bodies o watter; aw borderin the coast o the Atlantic Ocean. Birds are eften foond tae migrate in the aurie, accompanied bi various species o sea turtles an dolphins, whose presence fishermen eften uise tae attract fish.[41]
Airchaeological steid o Volubilis   MorFès-Meknès,
34°04′26″N 5°33′25″W / 34.07389°N 5.55694°W / 34.07389; -5.55694
42 (100) 1997 The important Roman ootpost of Volubilis wis foondit in the 3rd century BCE as the caipital o Mauretanie, later acomin the caipital o the Idrisid dynasty. It contained mony biggins, the remains o which hae survived extensively tae this day.[42]
Historic Ceety o Meknes   MorFès-Meknès,
33°53′00″N 5°33′30″W / 33.88333°N 5.55833°W / 33.88333; -5.55833
1996 The umwhile caipital o the Alaouite dynasty wis foondit in the 11t century bi the Almoravids an turned intae a ceety wi Spaingie-Moorish influence durin the 17t an 18t centuries.[43]
Ksar o Ait-Ben-Haddou   MorDrâa-Tafilalet,
31°02′50″N 7°07′44″W / 31.04722°N 7.12889°W / 31.04722; -7.12889
3 (7.4) 1987 The Ksar o Ait-Ben-Haddou is an ensaumple o a tradeetional pre-Saharan habitat in soothren Morocco, surroondit bi heich walls an reinforced wi corner touers.[44]
Medina o Essaouira (formerly Mogador)   MorMarrakesh-Safi,
31°31′00″N 9°46′10″W / 31.51667°N 9.76944°W / 31.51667; -9.76944
30 (74) 2001 Biggit durin the late 18t century, the fortified seaport o Essaouira haes a mix o North African an European airchitectur, an wis a major tredin hub atween the Sahara an Europe.[45]
Medina of Fez   MorFez,
34°03′40″N 4°58′40″W / 34.06111°N 4.97778°W / 34.06111; -4.97778
280 (690) 1981 Fez wis foondit in the 9t century an reached its apogee as the caipital o the Marinid dynasty in the 13t an 14t centuries, frae which its urban fabric an major monuments date. It awso hosts the warld's varsity, the Varsity o Al Quaraouiyine.[46]
Medina o Marrakesh   MorMarrakesh-Safi,
31°37′53″N 7°59′12″W / 31.63139°N 7.98667°W / 31.63139; -7.98667
1,107 (2,740) 1985 Marrakesh wis foondit in the 1070s an remained a polrrtical, economic, an cultural centre for a lang time. Monuments frae that period include the Koutoubia Mosque, the kasbah, an the battlements. The ceety awso holds newer features, includin pailaces an madrasas.[47]
Medina o Tétouan (formerly kkent as Titawin)   MorTanger-Tetouan-Al Hoceima,
35°34′15″N 5°22′00″W / 35.57083°N 5.36667°W / 35.57083; -5.36667
7 (17) 1997 Morocco's maist complete medina at Tétouan served as the main pynt o contact atween Morocco an Andalusie durin the 8t century. The toun wis rebiggit bi Andalusian refugees follaein the Reconquista, the influence o which is evident in its airt an airchitectur.[48]
Rabat, Modren Caipital an Historic Ceety: a Shared Heritage   MorRabat,
34°01′27″N 6°49′22″W / 34.02417°N 6.82278°W / 34.02417; -6.82278
349 (860) 2012 Rebiggit unner the direction o the French frae 1912 tae the 1930s, Rabat blends historic an modren features, sic as botanical gardens, the Hassan Mosque, an the remnants o Moorish an Andalusian settlements frae the 17t century.[49]
Portuguese Ceety of Mazagan (El Jadida)   MorCasablanca-Settat,
33°15′24″N 8°30′07″W / 33.25667°N 8.50194°W / 33.25667; -8.50194
8 (20) 2004 The Portuguese fortifeecation o Mazagan, akin tae early Renaissance militar design frae the early 16t century, wis taken ower bi Morocco in 1769. Survivin biggins include the cistern an a Gothic kirk.[50]
Aflaj Irrigation Seestems o Oman   OmnDakhiliyah, Sharqiyah an Batinah Regions,
22°59′56″N 57°32′10″E / 22.99889°N 57.53611°E / 22.99889; 57.53611
1,456 (3,600) 2006 The five Aflaj seestem inscribit represents an irrigation method datin back tae at least 500 CE. Sic seestem effectively distribute watter throu gravity, as it flows tae support agricultural an domestic uise.[51]
Auncient Ceety o Qalhat   OmnAsh Sharqiyah Sooth Govrenorate,
22°42′N 59°22′E / 22.700°N 59.367°E / 22.700; 59.367
75.82 (187.4) 2018 [52]
Archaeological Steids o Bat, Al-Khutm an Al-Ayn   OmnAd Dhahirah Region,
23°16′11″N 56°44′42″E / 23.26972°N 56.74500°E / 23.26972; 56.74500
1988 Located in the interior o the Sultanate, Bat, al-Khutm an al-Ayn are amanh the best preserved ensembles o settlements an necropolises frae the 3rd millennium BCE in Eastren Arabie an the warld. The necropolis o Bat, in pairteecular, reflects the funeral practices o the Early Bronze Age in Oman.[53]
Bahla Fort   OmnAd Dakhiliyah Region,
22°57′51″N 57°18′04″E / 22.96417°N 57.30111°E / 22.96417; 57.30111
1987 The fort is pairt o Bahla, an oasis dounset an formerly the caipital o the Nabhani dynasty, who dominatit Oman an prospered in the Arabian Peninsula durin the Late Middle Ages.[54]
Laund of Frankincense   OmnDhofar Govrenorate,
18°15′12″N 53°38′51″E / 18.25333°N 53.64750°E / 18.25333; 53.64750
850 (2,100) 2000 The auncient ports o Khor Rori an Al-Baleed, the caravan oasis o Shisr an Wadi Dawkah in soothren Arabie wur crucial in the production an distribution o frankincense, ane o the maist sought-efter items o luxury in Antiquity.[55]
Auld Ceety o Jerusalem an its Walls   JerEast Jerusalem
31°46′00″N 35°13′00″E / 31.76667°N 35.21667°E / 31.76667; 35.21667
1981 A haly ceety for three o the warld's major releegions, Jerusalem contains mair nor 200 historic monuments, includin the Dome o the Rock, the Wailin Wall an the Kirk o the Haly Sepulchre.[56]
Birthplace o Jesus: Kirk o the Nativity an the Pilgrimage Route, Bethlehem   PalBethlehem Govrenorate,
31°42′16″N 35°12′27″E / 31.70444°N 35.20750°E / 31.70444; 35.20750
3 (7.4) 2012 The steid is tradeetionally identifeed as the birthplace o Jesus. The kirk, biggit in the 4t century an reconstructit in the 6t century, holds prominent releegious signifeecance tae baith Christians an Muslims.[57][58]
Palestine: Laund o Olives an Vines — Cultural Laundscape o Soothren Jerusalem, Battir   PalBethlehem Govrenorate,
31°43′11″N 35°07′50″E / 31.71972°N 35.13056°E / 31.71972; 35.13056
349 (860) 2014 The hill lanudscape o Battir features stone terraces for mercat gairden, grapevine an olive production, supportit bi a tradeetional irrigation seesrem.[59]
Hebron/Al-Khalil Old Town   PalHebron Govrenorate,
31°31′30″N 35°06′30″E / 31.52500°N 35.10833°E / 31.52500; 35.10833
20.6 (51) 2017 The centre o interest o the toun wis the steid o Al mosque -Ibrahim / the tomb o the Patriarchs whose biggins are in a compoond biggit in the 1st century CE tae pertect the tombs o the patriarch Abraham / Ibrahim an his faimily.[60]
Al Zubarah Airchaeological Steid   QatAl Shamal,
25°58′41″N 51°01′47″E / 25.97806°N 51.02972°E / 25.97806; 51.02972
416 (1,030) 2013 The coastal toun o Al Zubarah wis a major pearling an treddin centre in the Persian Gulf in the late 18t an early 19t centuries, afore its destruction in 1811 an eventual abandonment in the early 20t century. The remains o its pailaces, mosques, harbour, fortifeecations an ither structures are preserved bi the saund blown frae the desert.[61]
Al-Hasa   SauHofuf, Al-Ahsa Govrenorate
  Saudi Arabie
25°25′46″N 49°37′19″E / 25.42944°N 49.62194°E / 25.42944; 49.62194
8,544 (21,110) 2018 [62]
Al-Hijr Aircheologeecal Steid (Madâin Sâlih)   SauAl Madinah Province,
  Saudi Arabie
26°47′01″N 37°57′18″E / 26.78361°N 37.95500°E / 26.78361; 37.95500
1,621 (4,010) 2008 Formerly kent as Hegra, the steid o Al-Hijr consteetutes the lairgest dounset o the Nabataean Kinrick efter Petra. It contains a series of well-preserved rock-cut tombs an monuments datin back tae the 1st century BCE.[63]
At-Turaif Destrict in ad-Dir'iyah   SauRiyadh Province,
  Saudi Arabie
24°44′03″N 46°34′21″E / 24.73417°N 46.57250°E / 24.73417; 46.57250
29 (72) 2008 Foondit in the 15t century, the Turaif Destrict of Dir'iyah wis the first caipital o the Saudi dynasty. Dir'iyah witnessed the growthe of its poleetical an religious significance, as well as the spread of Wahhabism in the 18t an the early 19t centuries.[64]
Historic Jeddah, the Gate tae Makkah   SauMakkah Region,
  Saudi Arabie
21°29′02″N 39°11′15″E / 21.48389°N 39.18750°E / 21.48389; 39.18750
18 (44) 2014 Locatit on the coast o the Reid Sea, Jeddah grew intae a major commercial centre in the 7t century, an haes lang served as the principal gateway for pilgrims tae Mecca.[65]
Rock Airt in the Ha'il Region SauHa'il Region,
  Saudi Arabie
28°00′38″N 40°54′47″E / 28.01056°N 40.91306°E / 28.01056; 40.91306
2,044 (5,050) 2015 The steids o Jabel Umm Sinman an Jabal al-Manjor an Raat contain a lairge nummer o petroglyphs an inscriptions, coverin 10,000 years o human history.[66]
Airchaeological Steids o the Island o Meroe   SdnRiver Nile State,
16°56′00″N 33°43′00″E / 16.93333°N 33.71667°E / 16.93333; 33.71667
2,357 (5,820) 2011 Meroe wis the centre o the Kinrick o Kush, a major force active frae the 8t century BCE tae the 4t century CE. It is hame tae pyramids, temples, an domestic biggins, amang ither vestiges.[67]
Gebel Barkal an the Steids o the Napatan Region   SdnNorthren State,
18°32′00″N 31°49′00″E / 18.53333°N 31.81667°E / 18.53333; 31.81667
183 (450) 2003 The archaeological steids o Gebel Barkal, Kurru, Nuri, Sanam an Zuma in the Nile Valley testify taw the Napatan an Meroitic ceevilisations. Thay host a series o pyramids, tombs, temples, pailaces, burial moonds an funerary chambers.[68]
Sanganeb Marine Naitional Pairk an Dungonab Bay – Mukkawar Island Marine Naitional Pairk Sdn  Sudan
19°44′10″N 37°26′35″E / 19.73611°N 37.44306°E / 19.73611; 37.44306
199,524 (493,030) 2016 Situatit in the central Reid Sea, Sanganeb, Dungonab Bay an Mukkawar Island featur a diverse seestem o coral reefs, mangroves, seagrass beds, beaches an islets, an host populations o seabirds, marine mammals, fish, sharks, turtles, manta rays an dugongs.[69]
Auncient Ceety o Aleppo   SyrAleppo Govrenorate,
36°14′00″N 37°10′00″E / 36.23333°N 37.16667°E / 36.23333; 37.16667
350 (860) 1986 Situatit at the crossroads o seiveral tred routes, Aleppo haes been successively ruled, amang ithers, bi the Romans, Ayyubids, Mameluks an Ottomans, each leavin signifeecant influence in its airchitectural fabric, resultin in a diverse ceetyscape. Major structur include the Citadel, the Great Mosque an the Madrasa Halawiye.[70]
Auncient Ceety o Bosra   SyrDaraa Govrenorate,
32°31′05″N 36°28′54″E / 32.51806°N 36.48167°E / 32.51806; 36.48167
1980 Formerly a Nabataean dounset, Bosra wis conquered bi the Romans in the 2nt century CE an made caipital of Arabia. It came unner Islamic rule in the 7t century. Remains o the ancient ceety include a theatre, a basilica, a cathedral, a mosque an a madrasa, amang others.[71]
Auncient Ceety o Damascus   SyrDamascus Govrenorate,
33°30′41″N 36°18′23″E / 33.51139°N 36.30639°E / 33.51139; 36.30639
86 (210) 1979 Established the 3rd millennium BCE, Damascus is considered tae be ane o the auldest continuously inhabited ceeties in the warld. As the caipital o the Umayyads, it haes been of significant influence tae the Arab warld. The Great Mosque is amang the lairgest in the warld an the auldest sites of continuous prayer syne the beginnings of Islam.[72]
Auncient Veelages o Northren Sirie   Syr  Sirie
36°20′03″N 36°50′39″E / 36.33417°N 36.84417°E / 36.33417; 36.84417
12,290 (30,400) 2011 The site comprises some 40 veelages, datin frae the 1st tae 7t centuries an abandoned in the 8t tae 10t centuries. Thay provide an insight intae rural life in Late Antiquity an during the Byzantine period.[73]
Crac des Chevaliers an Qal'at Salah El-Din   SyrHoms an Latakia Govrenorate,
34°46′54″N 36°15′47″E / 34.78167°N 36.26306°E / 34.78167; 36.26306
9 (22) 2006 The Crac des Chevaliers an the Qal'at Salah El-Din are regardit as twa o the maist prominent ensaumples o castles durin the Crusader period, demonstratin an evolution o fortifeecations an exchynge o influences in defensive technology.[74]
Steid o Palmyra   SyrHoms Govrenorate,
34°33′15″N 38°16′00″E / 34.55417°N 38.26667°E / 34.55417; 38.26667
0.36 (0.89) 1980 Palmyra came unner Roman rule in the 1st century CE, an grew tae acome ane o the maist important cultural centres o the auncient warld. Its extensive ruins include remains o the Great Colonnade, the Temple o Bel, the Camp o Diocletian an the Roman Theatre.[75]
Airchaeological Steid of Carthage   TunTunis Govrenorate,
36°51′10″N 10°19′24″E / 36.85278°N 10.32333°E / 36.85278; 10.32333
616 (1,520) 1979 Foondit in the 9t century BCE, Carthage developit intae a tredin empire spannin the Mediterranean. The ceety wis destroyed in 146 BCE in the Punic Wars at the haunds o the Romans, but wis later reestablished.[76]
Dougga / Thugga   TunBeBéja Governorate,
36°25′25″N 9°13′13″E / 36.42361°N 9.22028°E / 36.42361; 9.22028
70 (170) 1997 The steid features the ruins o Dougga, a umwhile caipital o a LibiePunic state, which flourished unner the Romans an the Byzantines, but went intae decline in the Islamic period.[77]
Amphitheatre o El Jem   TunMahdia Govrenorate,
35°17′47″N 10°42′25″E / 35.29639°N 10.70694°E / 35.29639; 10.70694
1.37 (3.4) 1979 Built durin the 3rd century, the Amphitheatre o El Jem is North Africae's lairgest amphitheatre, an the lairgest ane biggit ootside o Italy, wi a capaceety of 35,000 spectators, regardit as amang the maist accomplished ensaumples o Roman airchitectur o its kynd.[78]
Ichkeul Naitional Pairk   TunBiBizerte Govrenorate,
37°09′49″N 9°40′29″E / 37.16361°N 9.67472°E / 37.16361; 9.67472
12,600 (31,000) 1980 Ichkeul Lake an the surroondin wetlaunds is a destination for hunders o thoosands o migratin birds, includin ducks, geese, storks an pink flamingos. It wis ance pairt o a chain that extendit across North Africae.[79]
Kairouan   TunKairouan Govrenorate,
35°40′54″N 10°06′14″E / 35.68167°N 10.10389°E / 35.68167; 10.10389
68 (170) 1988 Foondit in 670, Kairouan wis the umwhile caipital of Ifriqiya an flourished in the 9t century. Its heritage includes the Mosque of Uqba an the Mosque o the Three Gates.[80]
Medina o Sousse   TunSousse Governorate,
35°49′40″N 10°38′19″E / 35.82778°N 10.63861°E / 35.82778; 10.63861
32 (79) 1988 A prime ensaumple o a toun frae the early Islamic period, Sousse wis an important commercial an military port durin the 9t century.[81]
Medina o Tunis   TunTunis Govrenorate,
36°49′00″N 10°10′00″E / 36.81667°N 10.16667°E / 36.81667; 10.16667
296 (730) 1979 The Medina o Tunis contains some 700 monuments, includin pailaces, mosques, mausoleums, madrasah an foontains, testifyin tae Tunis' gowden age fraw the 12t tae the 16t century.[82]
Punic Toun o Kerkuane an its Necropolis   TunNabeul Govrenorate,
36°56′47″N 11°05′57″E / 36.94639°N 11.09917°E / 36.94639; 11.09917
1985 Abandoned in 250 BCE durin the First Punic War an never rebiggit, Kerkuane is the anelie survivin ensaumple o a PhoenicioPunic dounset.[83]
Cultural Steids o Al Ain (Hafit, Hili, Bidaa Bint Saud an Oases Auries)   UaeAbu Dhabi,
  Unitit Arab Emirates
24°04′04″N 55°48′23″E / 24.06778°N 55.80639°E / 24.06778; 55.80639
4,945 (12,220) 2011 Situatit in a desert region, Al Ain haes been occupied syne the Neolithic period, hostin stone tombs frae the 3rd millennium BCE, wells, adobe constructions an ane o the auldest ensaumples o the aflaj irrigation seestem at Bidaa Bint Saud.[84]
Historic Toun o Zabid   YemAl Hudaydah Govrenorate,
14°11′53″N 43°19′48″E / 14.19806°N 43.33000°E / 14.19806; 43.33000
1993 Zabid wis the caipital o Yemen frae the 13t tae the 15t century. Its Islamic varsity greatly contreibutit tae the spread o Islamic knawledge.[85]
Auld Ceety o Sana'a   YemSana'a Govrenorate,
15°21′20″N 44°12′29″E / 15.35556°N 44.20806°E / 15.35556; 44.20806
1986 Situatit in a moontain valley, Sana'a haes been continuously inhabitit for mair nor 2,500 years. It acame a centre for the spread o Islam in the 7t an 8t centuries. The cwwty is hame tae the unique rammed-earth touer-houses, in addition tae 103 mosques an 14 hammams biggit afore the 11t century.[86]
Auld Walled Ceety o Shibam   YemHadhramaut Govrenorate,
15°55′37″N 48°37′36″E / 15.92694°N 48.62667°E / 15.92694; 48.62667
1982 The 16t-century wawed ceety o Shibam is amang the auldest an best ensaumples o vertical urban planning, wi its distinct mud brick touer hooses garnerin it the nickname "the Manhattan o the desert".[87]
Socotra Archipelago   YemSocotra Govrenorate,
12°30′00″N 53°50′00″E / 12.50000°N 53.83333°E / 12.50000; 53.83333
410,460 (1,014,300) 2008 Awtho pairt o the African laundmass, the Socotra Archipelago is admeenistered frae Yemen. It is kent for its great biodiversity an distinct flora an fauna, wi a lairge nummer o endemic species foon nowhere else on earth. It awso supports a broad range o avian an marine life.[88]


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