Ludwik Lejzer Zamenhof (Pols: Ludwik Łazarz Zamenhof, 15 December [A.S. 3 December] 1859 – 14 Aprile [A.S. 1 Aprile] 1917),[2] uisually creditit as L. L. Zamenhof, wis a Pols pheeseecian, inventor, an writer. He is maist widely kent for creatin Esperanto, the maist successfu constructit leid in the warld,[3] as well as Homaranismo, a filosofie based on the teachins o Hillel the Elder.

L. L. Zamenhof
BornLudwik Lejzer Zamenhof
15 December 1859(1859-12-15)
Białystok, Congress Poland
Died14 Apryle 1917(1917-04-14) (aged 57)
Warsaw, Poland
Kent forCreatin Esperanto
SignaturZamenhof subskribo.svg


  1. 1.0 1.1 Ker Than, "L.L. Zamenhof: Who He Was, Why He's on Google", National Geographic, 15 December 2009.
  2. Gabriela Zalewska (2010). "Zamenhof, Ludwik (1859–1917)". The YIVO Encyclopedia of Jews in Eastern Europe. Trans. by Anna Grojec. YIVO Institute for Jewish Research. Retrieved 19 December 2013.
  3. Zasky, Jason (2009-07-20), "Discouraging Words", Failure Magazine, But in terms of invented languages, it's the most outlandishly successful invented language ever. It has thousands of speakers—even native speakers—and that's a major accomplishment as compared to the 900 or so other languages that have no speakers. - Arika Okrent