Krak des Chevaliers (French pronunciation: ​[kʁak de ʃəvaˈlje]; Arabic: حصن الفرسان‎), an aa Crac des Chevaliers, Ḥoṣn al-Akrād (حصن الأكراد), Castle Alhsn, umwhile Crac de l'Ospital, is a Crusader castle in Sirie an ane o the maist important preserved medieval castles in the warld. The steid wis first inhabitit in the 11t century bi a settlement o Kurdish truips garrisoned thare bi the Mirdasids; as a result it wis kent as Hisn al-Akrad, meanin the "Castle o the Kurds". In 1142 it wis gien bi Raymond II, Coont o Tripoli, tae the Knichts Hospitaller. It remeened in thair possession till it fell in 1271. It acame kent as Crac de l'Ospital; the name Krak des Chevaliers wis coined in the 19t century.

Krak des Chevaliers
حصن الفرسان
Talkalakh Destrict, Sirie
Krak des Chevaliers 01.jpg
Krak des Chevaliers frae the soothwast
Krak des Chevaliers is locatit in Syria
Krak des Chevaliers
Krak des Chevaliers
Coordinates34°45′25″N 36°17′40″E / 34.756944°N 36.294444°E / 34.756944; 36.294444
TeepConcentric castle
Site information
Controlled biKurdish truips o the Mirdasids (1031–1099)

Coonty o Tripoli (1110–1143)
Knichts Hospitaller (1143–1271)
Mamluk Sultanate (1271–1516)
Ottoman Empire (15161918)
Alawite State (1920–1936)
Sirian Republic (1936–1958)
Unitit Arab Republic (1958–1961)
Sirie Sirian Arab Republic (1961–2012) Sirian Republic (1930–58) Sirian opposeetion (2012–2014)

Sirie Sirian Arab Republic (2014–present)
Open tae
the public
Inaccessible (in a war zone)
CondeetionMaistly guid but damaged due tae Sirian Ceevil War
Site history
Biggit1031 (first castle)
1142–1170 (second castle)
Biggit biShibl al-Dawla Nasr (first castle)
Knights Hospitaller (seicont castle)
MaterialsLimestane
Battles/warsCrusades
Sirian Ceevil War
TeepCultural
Criteriaii, vi
Designatit2006 (30t session)
Pairt oCrac des Chevaliers an Qal’at Salah El-Din
Reference no.1229
State Pairty Sirie
RegionArab States

Coordinates: 34°45′25″N 36°17′40″E / 34.756944°N 36.294444°E / 34.756944; 36.294444