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The Kosovo War wis an airmed conflict in Kosovo that stairtit in late Februar 1998[51][52] an lastit till 11 Juin 1999.[53]

Kosovo War
Pairt o the Yugoslav Wars[2]
Kosovo War header.jpg
Clockwise frae tap-left: Yugoslav general staff heidquarters damaged bi NATO air strikes; a Yugo buiried unner grummel caused bi NATO air strikes; memorial tae local KLA commanders; a USAF F-15E takkin aff frae Aviano Air Base
DateFebruar 1998 – 11 Juin 1999
LocationKosovo (then pairt o FR Yugoslavie)
Result

Kumanovo Treaty

Territorial
changes
Na legal chynges tae Yugoslav mairches accordin tae the Resolution 1244, but effective poleetical an economic separation o Kosovo frae FR Yugoslavie unner Unitit Naitions admeenistration
Belligerents

Kosovo Leeberation Airmy KLA
 Albania

Serbie an Montenegro FR Yugoslavie
Commanders an leaders

Kosovo Leeberation Airmy Adem Jashari 
Kosovo Leeberation Airmy Hashim Thaçi
Kosovo Leeberation Airmy Bilall Syla
Kosovo Leeberation Airmy Hamëz Jashari 
Kosovo Leeberation Airmy Sylejman Selimi
Kosovo Leeberation Airmy Ramush Haradinaj
Kosovo Leeberation Airmy Agim Çeku


NATO Wesley Clark


Albanie Kudusi Lama [11]

Federal Republic o Yugoslavie Slobodan Milošević
Serbie an Montenegro Dragoljub Ojdanić
Serbie an Montenegro Nebojša Pavković
Serbie an Montenegro Vlastimir Đorđević[12]
Serbie an Montenegro Vladimir Lazarević[13]

Serbie an Montenegro Sreten Lukić
Strenth

Kosovo Leeberation Airmy 17,000 – 20,000 KLA insurgents[14]


NATO cca. 80 aircraft
(Operation Eagle Ee)[15]
NATO 1,031 aircraft
(Operation Allied Force)[16]
NATO 30+ warships and submarines[17]

Template:Kintra data Federal Republic of Yugoslavia 85,000 sodgers[18] (includin 40,000 in an aroond Kosovo)[17]
Template:Kintra data Federal Republic of Yugoslavia 20,000 polismen
Template:Kintra data Federal Republic of Yugoslavia 100 SAM steids[17]
Template:Kintra data Federal Republic of Yugoslavia 1,400 artillery pieces
(Baith grund & air defence)[17]
Template:Kintra data Federal Republic of Yugoslavia 240 aircraft [17]
Template:Kintra data Federal Republic of Yugoslavia 2,032 airmoured vehicles & tanks[17]

Roushie Roushie volunteers, unkent nummer [19][20]
Casualties an losses

Kosovo Liberation Airmy 1,500 insurgents killt (per the KLA)[21]
Kosovo Liberation Airmy 2,057 insurgents killt (per the HLC)[22]


Unitit States 2 killt (nan-combat) an 3 capturt[23][24]
Unitit States 2 aircraft shot doun an 3 damaged[25][26][27][28]
Unitit States Twa AH-64 Apaches an an AV-8B Harrier crashed (nan-combat)[29]
NATO 47 UAVs shot doun[30]

Fraunce Possible unkent nummer o DGSE officers killt[31]

Caused bi KLA:
Serbie an Montenegro 300+ sodgers killt (per the Yugoslav Airmy)[32]
Caused bi NATO:
Template:Kintra data Federal Republic of Yugoslavia 1,008–1,200 killt[lower-alpha 2]
Serbie an Montenegro 14 tanks,[37] 18 APCs, 20 artillery pieces[38] an 121 aircraft an helicopters destroyed[39]

Caused bi KLA an NATO:
Serbie an Montenegro 1,035 killt (per the HLC)[22]

Albanie 8,661 Kosovar Albanie ceevilians killed or missing[40]
Albanie 90% o Kosovar Albanies displaced in the war[41] (848,000–863,000 expelled frae Kosovo,[42][43][44] 590,000 Kosovar Albanies displaced within Kosovo)[41]
Serbie an Montenegro 1,730[22][45]–3,500[46][47] Serb an ither nan-Albanie ceevilians killt or missin
Serbie an Montenegro 230,000 Kosovo Serbs, Romani an ither non-Albanie ceevilians displaced[48]
Serbie an Montenegro/Albanie Ceevilian daiths caused bi NATO bombin; 489–528 (per Human Rights Watch) or 1,200–5,700 (per Yugolslavia);[49] an aw includes Fowkrepublic o Cheenae 3 Cheenese jurnalists killt

13,548 ceevilians an fechters deid oweraw (Albanies, Serbs, Bosniaks, Roma)[50]

NotesEedit

  1. [6][7][8][9][10]
  2. Serbie claims that 1,008 Yugoslav sodgers an policemen war killt bi NATO bombin.[33] NATO initially claimed that 5,000 Yugoslav servicemen had been killed and 10,000 had been wounded during the NATO air campaign.[34][35] NATO haes syne revised this estimation tae 1,200 Yugoslav sodgers an polismen killt.[36]

ReferencesEedit

  1. "The Balkans/Allied Force: Statistics". planken.org. Retrieved 2012-02-28. 
  2. Thomas (2006), p. 47
  3. Daniszewski, John (1999-04-14). "Yugoslav Troops Said to Cross Into Albania". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  4. Daly, Emma (1999-04-14). "War In The Balkans: Serbs enter Albania and burn village". The Independent. London. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  5. Reitman, Valerie; Richter, Paul; Dahlburg, John-Thor (1999-06-10). "Yugoslav, NATO Generals Sign Peace Agreement for Kosovo / Alliance will end air campaign when Serbian troops pull out". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  6. "Abuses against Serbs and Roma in the new Kosovo". Human Rights Watch. August 1999. 
  7. "After Yugoslavia: Identities and Politics Within the Successor States". 2012. p. 30. 
  8. "Kosovo Crisis Update". UNHCR. August 4, 1999. 
  9. "Forced Expulsion of Kosovo Roma, Ashkali and Egyptians from OSCE Participated state to Kosovo". OSCE. October 6, 2006. 
  10. Siobhán Wills (26 February 2009). Protecting Civilians: The Obligations of Peacekeepers. Oxford University Press. p. 219. ISBN 978-0-19-953387-9. Retrieved 24 February 2013. 
  11. Katamaj, Halil (2002), Kudusi Lama, War General of division of Kukes, during the Kosovo war, Tiranë: Mokra, ISBN 99927-781-0-5 [page needit]
  12. "BBC News – Serbian Vlastimir Djordjevic jailed over Kosovo murders". BBC News. 2011-02-24. Retrieved 2012-05-06. 
  13. "Serbia charges police officers with 1999 Kosovo murders". SETimes.com. 2006-04-28. Retrieved 2012-05-06. 
  14. John Pike. "Kosovo Liberation Army [KLA / UCK]". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2012-05-06. 
  15. 12 mal bewertet (24 March 1999). "Die Bundeswehr zieht in den Krieg". 60xdeutschland.de. Retrieved 2012-05-06. 
  16. John Pike. "Kosovo Order of Battle". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 17.3 17.4 17.5 "NATO Operation Allied Force". Defense.gov. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2010-02-28. Retrieved 2012-02-28. 
  18. Kosovo Map The Guardian
  19. "Fighting for a foreign land". BBC News. 1999-05-20. Retrieved 2012-02-28. 
  20. "Russian volunteer's account of Kosovo". The Russia Journal. 1999-07-05. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2011-12-26. Retrieved 2012-02-28. 
  21. Daalder & O'Hanlon 2000, p. 151
  22. 22.0 22.1 22.2 "Kosovo Memory Book Database Presentation and Evaluation" (PDF). Retrieved 6 February 2016. 
  23. "Two die in Apache crash". BBC News. 1999-05-05. Retrieved 2012-05-06. 
  24. John Pike. "Operation Allied Force". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2012-02-28. 
  25. "How to Take Down an F-117". Strategypage.com. 2005-11-21. Retrieved 2012-05-06. 
  26. "Holloman commander recalls being shot down in Serbia". F-16.net. February 7, 2007. Retrieved 2012-05-06. 
  27. "A-10 Thunderbolt II". Ejection-history.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  28. "F-117 damage said attributed to full moon". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. 1999-05-06. p. A14. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  29. "Nato loses two planes". BBC News. 1999-05-02. Retrieved 2012-05-06. 
  30. Andrei Kislyakov (October 9, 2007). "Unmanned Aerial Vehicles Increase In Numbers". Radardaily.com. RIA Novosti. Retrieved 2012-02-28. 
  31. Alleged connections between top Kosovo politicians and assassin investigated | World news | The Guardian
  32. Robert Fisk (21 June 1999). "Serb army 'unscathed by Nato', KLA 'killed more Serbs than Nato did'". The Independent. London. Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  33. "NATO nam ubio 1.008 vojnika i policajaca". Mondo. Retrieved 2013-02-11. 
  34. Bideleux, Robert; Jeffries, Ian (2006). The Balkans: A Post-Communist History. Routledge. p. 558. ISBN 978-0-203-96911-3. 
  35. Chambers II, John Whiteclay (1999). The Oxford Companion to American Military History. Oxford University Press. p. 375. ISBN 978-0-19-507198-6. 
  36. Coopersmith, Jonathan; Launius, Roger D. (2003). Taking Off: A Century of Manned Flight. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. p. 54. ISBN 978-1-56347-610-5. 
  37. Andrew Cockburn (3 April 2011). "The limits of air power". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 3 March 2013. 
  38. Macdonald 2007, pp. 99.
  39. Bacevich & Cohen 2001, p. 22
  40. List of Kosovo War Victims Published
  41. 41.0 41.1 "Facts and Figurues - War in Europe". www.pbs.org. Retrieved 27 January 2015. 
  42. "Serbia: 13,000 killed and missing from Kosovo war – rights group". Relief Web. 6 October 2009. Retrieved 31 December 2012. 
  43. Judah, Tim. The Serbs: History, Myth and the Destruction of Yugoslavia. Yale University Press. p. 150. ISBN 978-0-300-15826-7. 
  44. Kosovo/Kosova: As Seen. pp. Part III, Chap 14. 
  45. Demystifying „NATO Aggression and the Fight Against Shiptar Terrorists“
  46. "Serbia marks anniversary of NATO bombing". B92. Retrieved 2012-05-06. 
  47. Mann (2005), p. 357
  48. Judah, Tim. Kosovo: What Everyone Needs to Know. Oxford University Press. p. 14. ISBN 978-0-19-974103-8. 
  49. "Civilian Deaths in the NATO Air Campaign – The Crisis In Kosovo". HRW. Retrieved January 20, 2012. 
  50. "Kosovo Memory Book". HLC. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2012-06-03. 
  51. Independent International Commission on Kosovo (2000). The Kosovo Report (PDF). Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 2. ISBN 0199243093. 
  52. Quackenbush, Stephen L. (2015). International Conflict: Logic and Evidence. Los Angeles: Sage. p. 202. ISBN 9781452240985. 
  53. Boyle, Michael J. (2014). Violence After War: Explaining Instability in Post-Conflict States. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 175. ISBN 9781421412573.