A kolkhoz (Roushie: колхо́з, Roushie plural kolkhozy) wis a form o collective farm in the Soviet Union. Kolkhozes exeestit alang with state farms or sovkhoz (plural sovkhozy or sovkhozes). Thir war the twa components o the socialised ferm sector that began tae emerge in Soviet agricultur efter the October Revolution o 1917, as an antithesis both tae the feudal structur o impoverished serfdom an aristocratic laundlairds an to indiveedual or faimily fermin.