Karl Alexander, Grand Duke o Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach

Karl Alexander (Karl Alexander August Johann; 24 Juin 1818 – 5 Januar 1901) was the ruler of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach as its grand duke frae 1853 until his daith.

Karl Alexander
1818 Carl Alexander.JPG
Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Ring8 Julie 1853 – 5 Januar 1901
PredecessorCharles Frederick
SuccessorWilliam Ernest
Born24 Juin 1818(1818-06-24)
Dee'd5 Januar 1901(1901-01-05) (aged 82)
BuirialWeimarer Fürstengruft
SpouseSophie o the Netherlands
IssueKarl August, Hereditary Grand Duke o Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Marie, Princess Heinrich VII Reuss
Princess Anna Sophia
Elisabeth, Duchess Johann Albrecht o Mecklenburg
Full name
Karl Alexander August Johann
FaitherKarl Friedrich, Grand Duke o Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
MitherMaria Pavlovna o Roushie


Born in Weimar, he wis a son o Karl Frederick, Grand Duke o Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach and Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna o Roushie. His mither engaged as tutor for Karl the Swiss scholar Frédéric Soret who became a close acquaintance tae Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.

When he wis the Hereditary Grand Duke, Karl Alexander established a strong friendship with Fanny Lewald an Hans Christian Andersen, but this close relationship stopped in 1849 for the war against Denmark over the duchies o Schleswig-Holstein (the First German-Danish War). On 8 Julie 1853 his faither died, and Karl Alexander became Grand Duke; but he stopped his constitutional accession until Goethe's birthday, on 28 August 1853.

The Danish authour an poet Hans Christian Andersen.

Karl Alexander renovated Wartburg Castle, an left his traces in many places in Eisenach. He was the protector o Richard Wagner an Franz Liszt, retained the tradition of Weimar's classical period, and gave the old part o Weimar a new an better appearance with the establishment of the Herder monument, and the double monument for Goethe and Schiller. In 1860, he founded the Weimar Saxon-Grand Ducal Art School (with Arnold Böcklin, Franz von Lenbach and the plastic artist Reinhold Begas). As Grand Duke he wis automatically rector, president o Jena University where he supported especially the collections among them prominently the Oriental Coin Cabinet.

In the Franco-Prussian War (1870–1871), Karl Alexander participated only in "Samaritan"; stressed, however, for his war entrance in favour o Schleswig in 1849. The Weimar Congress o the Goethe Federation (opposing the Lex Heinze) occurred towards the end o his ring, in November 1900 - that congress described his government as the Silver Age o Weimar.


At Kneuterdijk Pailace in The Hague, on 8 October 1842, Karl Alexander mairit his first cousin, Princess Sophie o the Netherlands, dochter o William II an Grand Duchess Anna Pavlovna o Roushie.


  1. Karl August, Hereditary Grand Duke o Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (31 Julie 1844 – 20 November 1894)
  2. Princess Marie Alexandrine o Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (20 Januar 1849 – 6 Mey 1922) mairit Prince Heinrich VII Reuss o Köstritz.
  3. Anna (29 Mairch 1851 – 26 Aprile 1859)
  4. Princess Elisabeth o Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (28 Februar 1854 – 10 Julie 1908), mairit Prince Johann Albrecht o Mecklenburg-Schwerin.