Shawn Corey Carter (born December 4, 1969),[6] known professionally as Jay-Z (stylized in all caps),[lower-alpha 1] is an American rapper, songwriter, producer, entrepreneur, and record executive. Considered among the best American rappers of all time,[9] he is regarded as one of the world's most significant cultural icons and has been a global figure in popular culture for over two decades.[10][11][12]

Jay-Z @ Shawn 'Jay-Z' Carter Foundation Carnival (crop 2).jpg
Carter in 2011
BornShawn Corey Carter
(1969-12-04) 4 December 1969 (age 50)
New York City, New York, U.S.
ResidenceLos Angeles, California, U.S.[1]
Ither namesHova, HOV, Jigga
  • Rapper
  • sangwriter
  • record producer
  • record executive
  • entrepreneur
  • investor
  • philanthropist
Years active1988 (1988)–present[2][3]
Organisation40/40 Club
Net worthUS$1 billion [5] (2019)
Board member of
Hauf-marrae(s)Beyoncé (m. 2008)
AwairdsList of awards and nominations
Muisical career
GenresHip hop
Associate acts


  1. Frank, Robert (August 23, 2017). "Inside Jay Z and Beyonce's mansion-hunting journey". CNBC. Retrieved January 13, 2019. Jay Z and Beyonce purchased a 30,000-square-foot mansion in Los Angeles' Bel Air neighborhood for $88 million.
  2. Edwards 2009, p. 14
  3. Birchmeier, Jason. "Jay-Z Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved January 12, 2019. After debuting in the late '90s with Reasonable Doubt and In My Lifetime, Vol 1, he began a chart run that notched over a dozen number one albums spread over two decades, including the multiplatinum, Grammy-winning Vol. 2...Hard Knock Life (1999), the Blueprint series ('01, '02, '09), and The Black Album (2003).
  4. Flanagan, Andrew; Hampp, Andrew (March 30, 2015). "It's Official: Jay Z's Historic Tidal Launches with 16 Artist Stakeholders". Billboard. Retrieved January 13, 2019. Jay-Z's ambitious entrance into the streaming music business, which came as a surprise to industry observers, debuted Monday (March 30) at an event at New York's James A. Farley Post Office in Herald Square.
  5. O'Malley Greenburg, Zach (June 3, 2019). "Artist, Icon, Billionaire: How Jay-Z Created His $1 Billion Fortune". Forbes. Retrieved June 3, 2019.
  6. "Jay Z". Retrieved November 8, 2016.
  7. "Jay Z is spelling his name with an umlaut again". April 29, 2015.
  8. Ketchum III, William E. (June 20, 2017). "JAY-Z's Name: A Complete Timeline of Shawn Carter's Rap Alias". Revolt. Retrieved July 3, 2017.
  9. "Grammy Awards: Fun., Black Keys, Jay-Z win big". February 11, 2013. Archived frae the oreeginal on April 11, 2013. Retrieved February 11, 2013.
  10. Chad, Norman (June 17, 2013). "Chad: Jay-Z's split personalities deliver success". The Spokesman-Review. Retrieved February 3, 2015.
  11. Robinson, Lisa (October 14, 2013). "Jay Z Has the Room". Vanity Fair. Retrieved February 3, 2015.
  12. "RIAA – Gold & Platinum – August 8, 2008". Archived frae the oreeginal on July 1, 2007. Retrieved September 4, 2010.

Cite error: <ref> tags exist for a group named "lower-alpha", but no corresponding <references group="lower-alpha"/> tag was found