Jade is an ornamental stane.
The term jade is applied tae twa different metamorphic rocks that are made up o different silicate minerals:
- Nephrite consists o a microcrystalline interlockin fibrous matrix o the calcium, magnesium-iron rich amphibole mineral series tremolite (calcium-magnesium)-ferroactinolite (calcium-magnesium-iron). The middle member o this series wi an intermediate composeetion is cried actinolite (the silky fibrous mineral furm is ane form o asbestos). The heicher the iron content the greener the colour.
- Jadeite is a sodium- an aluminium-rich pyroxene. The gem form o the mineral is a microcrystalline interlockin crystal matrix.