Islamic State o Iraq an the Levant

The Islamic State o Iraq an the Levant (ISIL; Arabic: الدولة الإسلامية في العراق والشام‎), forby kent as the Islamic State o Iraq an Sirie (ISIS, /ˈss/) or the Islamic State o Iraq an ash-Sham,[28] Islamic State (IS),[29] or Daesh (داعش, Arabic pronunciation: [ˈdaːʕiʃ]),[30] is a Wahhabi/Salafi jihadist extremist militant group an sel-proclaimed Islamic state an caliphate, that is led bi an feckly componed o Sunni Arabs frae Iraq an Sirie.

Islamic State o Iraq an the Levant
الدولة الإسلامية في العراق والشام
ad-Dawlah al-Islāmiyah fī 'l-ʿIrāq wa-sh-Shām
Pairteecipant in the Sirian Ceevil War, Iraq War (2003–2011), Iraqi insurgency, Iraq War (2014–present), Seicont Libian Ceevil War, Boko Haram insurgency, War in North-Wast Pakistan, War in Afghanistan, Yemeni Ceevil War, an ither conflicts
Primar target o Operation Inherent Resolve an o the militar intervention against ISIL: in Sirie, Iraq, Libie, an Nigerie.
  • Joined al-Qaeda: October 2004
  • Declaration o an Islamic state in Iraq: 13 October 2006
  • Claim o territory in the Levant: 8 Aprile 2013
  • Separatit frae al-Qaeda:[1][2] 3 February 2014,[3]
  • Declaration o caliphate: 29 Juin 2014
  • Claim o territory in: Libie, Egyp, Algerie, Saudi Arabie, Yemen: 13 November 2014
    • Afghanistan, Pakistan an parts o Indie: 29 Januar 2015[4]
    • Nigerie: 12 Mairch 2015[5][6]
    • North Caucasus: 23 Juin 2015[7]
HeidquartersAr-Raqqah, Sirie
(de facto caipital)
Aurie o operations
Militar situation as o November 9, 2016, in the Iraqi, Sirian, an Lebanese conflicts.
  Controlled bi the Iraqi govrenment
  Controlled bi the Sirian govrenment
  Controlled bi the Lebanese govrenment
  Controlled bi the Islamic State o Iraq an the Levant
  Controlled bi Iraqi Kurdistan forces
  Controlled bi Sirian Kurdistan forces
  Controlled bi Syrian opposeetion forces
  Controlled by al-Nusra Front
  Controlled bi Hezbollah
Note: Iraq an Sirie contain lairge desert auries wi limited populations. These auries are cairtit as unner the control o forces hauldin roads an touns within them.
Detailed cairt o the Sirian Ceevil War
SizeInside Sirie an Iraq
200,000[24] (Kurdish claim)
100,000[25] (Jihadist claim)
20,000–31,000[26] (CIA estimate)
Ootside Sirie an Iraq
32,600–57,900 (See Militar o ISIL for mair detailed estimates.)
Estimated tot
Oreeginatit asJamāʻat al-Tawḥīd wa-al-Jihād (1999)[27]


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  11. Kirkpatrick, David (24 September 2014). "ISIS Harsh Brand of Islam Is Rooted in Austere Saudi Creed". The New York Times. Retrieved 6 Mey 2015.
  12. Rubin, Alissa J. (5 Julie 2014). "Militant Leader in Rare Appearance in Iraq". The New York Times. Retrieved 6 Julie 2014.
  13. "Abd al-Rahman Mustafa al-Qaduli". Rewards for Justice. 5 Mey 2015. Archived frae the original on 18 Mey 2015. Retrieved 7 Mey 2015.
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  15. a b Sherlock, Ruth (9 Julie 2014). "Inside the leadership of Islamic State: how the new 'caliphate' is run". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 1 October 2014.
  16. Matt Bradley and Ghassan Adnan in Baghdad, and Felicia Schwartz in Washington (10 November 2014). "Coalition Airstrikes Targeted Islamic State Leaders Near Mosul". The Wall Street Journal.CS1 maint: uises authors parameter (link)
  17. a b c "Islamic State Senior Leadership: Whos Who" (PDF). Brookings. 2014. Retrieved 11 Mey 2015.
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  28. "What is Islamic State?". BBC News. 26 September 2014. Retrieved 9 Mairch 2015.
  29. Schwartz, Felica (23 December 2014). "One More Name for Islamic State: Daesh". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 25 December 2014.