Isabel, Princess Imperial o Brazil

(29 Julie 1846 – 14 November 1921) cried "the Redemptress" wis the Princess Imperial (heir presumptive tae the throne) o the Empire o Brazil an the Empire's regent on three occasions. Born in Rio de Janeiro as the eldest dochter o Emperor Pedro II an Empress Teresa Cristina, she wis a member o the Brazilian branch o the Hoose o Braganza (Portuguese: Bragança). After the daiths o her twa brithers in infancy, she wis recognised as her father's heir presumptive. She married a French prince, Gaston, Coont o Eu, in an arranged mairiage, an they haed three sons.

Princess Imperial o Brazil
Head and shoulders photograph of a middle-aged Isabel wearing a flower hat
Princess Isabel around age 41, c. 1887
Head of the Imperial Hoose o Brazil
Tenure5 December 1891 – 14 November 1921
PredecessorEmperor Pedro II
SuccessorPrince Pedro Henrique
Born29 Julie 1846(1846-07-29)
Pailace o São Cristóvão, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Dee'd14 November 1921(1921-11-14) (aged 75)
Château d'Eu, Eu, Fraunce
BuirialCathedral o São Pedro de Alcântara, Petrópolis, Brazil
SpousePrince Gaston, Coont o Eu (m. 1864)
Full name
Isabel Cristina Leopoldina Augusta Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga de Bragança
FaitherPedro II o Brazil
MitherTeresa Cristina o the Twa Sicilies
ReleegionRoman Catholic
SeegnaturIsabel's signature
Coat of Arms of Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil (Order of Maria Luisa).svg

During her faither's absences abroad, Isabel acted as regent. In her third and final regency, she actively promoted and ultimately signed a law, named Lei Áurea or the Golden Law, emancipating all slaves in Brazil. Even though the action was broadly popular, there was strang opposition to her succession to the throne. Her gender, strong Catholic faith and marriage tae a foreigner were seen as impediments against her, an the emancipation o the slaves generated dislike among powerful planters. In 1889, her family was deposed in a militar coup, an she spent the last 30 years o her life in exile in Fraunce. signed her private letters as "Isabel, Coontess o Eu"


On 15 October 1864, the Princess Imperial mairit Prince Gaston o Orléans, Coont o Eu. He wis a son o Prince Louis o Orleans, Duke o Nemours (himsel a son o Keeng Louis Philippe I o the French) an his wife Princess Victoria o Saxe-Coburg an Gotha (hersel a cousin o Queen Victoria) The mairiage foondit the Hoose o Orléans-Braganza.


  1. Pedro de Alcântara, Prince o Grão-Pará (15 October 1875 – 29 Januar 1940) mairit an haed issue.
  2. Prince Luís o Orléans-Braganza (26 Januar 1878 – 26 Mairch 1920) mairit Princess Maria di Grazia o the Twa Sicilies an haed issue.
  3. Prince Antônio Gastão o Orléans-Braganza 9 August 1881 – 29 November 1918) never mairit.

Teetles an stylesEedit

  • 29 Julie 1846 – 11 Juin 1847 Her Highness The Princess Dona Isabel o Brazil.
  • 11 Juin 1847 – 19 Julie 1848 Her Imperial Highness The Princess Imperial.
  • 19 Julie 1848 – 9 Januar 1850 Her Highness The Princess Dona Isabel o Brazil.
  • 9 Januar 1850 – 14 November 1921 Her Imperial Highness The Princess Imperial.
  • 1871–72 1876–77 1887 – 88 Her Imperial Highness The Princess Imperial Regent.

External linksEedit