Irving Langmuir

Irving Langmuir /ˈlæŋmjʊr/[2] (Januar 31, 1881 – August 16, 1957) wis an American chemist an pheesicist. His maist notit publication wis the famous 1919 airticle "The Arrangement of Electrons in Atoms and Molecules" in which, biggin on Gilbert N. Lewis's cubical atom theory an Walther Kossel's chemical bondin theory, he ootlined his "concentric theory o atomic structur".[3]

Nobel prize medal.svg

Irving Langmuir
Born31 Januar 1881(1881-01-31)[1]
Brooklyn, New York, U.S.
Died16 August 1957(1957-08-16) (aged 76)
Woods Hole, Massachusetts, U.S.
Alma materColumbia Varsity
Varsity o Göttingen
Kent forInventor o the heich-vacuum tube
Scientific career
FieldsChemistry Pheesics
Doctoral advisorWalther Nernst


  1. 1.0 1.1 Taylor, H. (1958). "Irving Langmuir 1881-1957". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 4: 167. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1958.0015.
  2. "Langmuir, Irving", in Webster's Biographical Dictionary (1943), Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster.
  3. Langmuir, Irving (June 1919). "The Arrangement of Electrons in Atoms and Molecules". Journal of the American Chemical Society. 41 (6): 868–934. doi:10.1021/ja02227a002.