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Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥasan ibn al-Ḥasan ibn al-Haytham (Arabic: أبو علي، الحسن بن الحسن بن الهيثم‎), frequently referred tae as Ibn al-Haytham (Arabic: ابن الهيثم, Laitinised as Alhazen[Notes 1] or Alhacen; c. 965 – c. 1040), wis an Arab[8] polymath an filosofer who made signeeficant contreibutions tae the principles o optics, astronomy, mathematics, meteorology,[9] veesual perception an the scienteefic method.

Ibn al-Haytham
(Alhazen)
Hazan.png
Alhazen (Ibn al-Haytham)
Born 1 Julie 965(965-07-01) CE[1] (354 AH)[2]
Basra, Buyid Emirate
Died 6 Mairch 1040(1040-03-06) (aged 74)[1] (430 AH)[3]
Cairo, Egyp, Fatimid Caliphate
Residence
Kent for
Scientific career
Fields

NotesEedit

  1. Nou deprecatit (Lindberg 1967).

ReferencesEedit

  1. 1.0 1.1 (Lorch 2008)
  2. Charles M. Falco (November 27–29, 2007), Ibn al-Haytham and the Origins of Computerized Image Analysis (PDF), International Conference on Computer Engineering & Systems (ICCES), retrieved 2010-01-30 
  3. Franz Rosenthal (1960–1961), "Al-Mubashshir ibn Fâtik. Prolegomena to an Abortive Edition", Oriens, Brill Publishers, 13: 132–158 [136–7], doi:10.2307/1580309, JSTOR 1580309 
  4. O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Abu Ali al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews .
  5. Charles H Carmanx; John Hendrix, eds. (2012). "2: Classical optics and the perspectivae traditions leading to the Renaissance". Renaissance Theories of Vision. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 11. ISBN 9781409486510. Ibn al-Haytham's groundbreaking studies in optics, including his research in catoptrics and dioptrics (respectively the sciences investigating the principles and instruments pertaining to the reflection and refraction of light), were principally gathered in his monumental opus: Kitåb al-manåóir (The Optics; De Aspectibus or Perspectivae; composed between 1028 CE and 1038 CE). 
  6. Anne Rooney (2012). "Ibn Al-Haytham". The History of Physics. The Rosen Publishing Group. p. 39. ISBN 9781448873715. As a rigorous experimental physicist, he is sometimes credited with inventing the scientific method. 
  7. David B. Baker, ed. (2012). The Oxford Handbook of the History of Psychology: Global Perspectives. Oxford University Press. p. 449. ISBN 9780195366556. As shown earlier, Ibn al-Haytham was among the first scholars to experiment with animal psychology. 
  8. Science, Medicine and Technology, Ahmad Dallal, The Oxford History of Islam, ed. John L. Esposito, (Oxford University Press, 1999), 192;"Ibn al-Haytham (d. 1039), kent in the Wast as Alhazan, wis a leadin Arab mathematician, astronomer, an pheesicyst. His optical compendium, Kitab al-Manazir, is the greatest medieval work on optics".
  9. Helaine Selin, ed. (2008). "M". Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Western Cultures. 1. Springer. p. 1667. ISBN 9781402045592. The three most recognizable Islamic contributors to meteorology were: the Alexandrian mathematician/ astronomer Ibn al-Haytham (Alhazen 965-1039), the Arab-speaking Persian physician Ibn Sina (Avicenna 980-1037), and the Spanish Moorish physician/jurist Ibn Rushd (Averroes; 1126-1198).