Huldrych Zwingli[lower-alpha 1] or Ulrich Zwingli [lower-alpha 2] (1 Januar 1484 – 11 October 1531) wis a leader o the Reformation in Swisserland. Born during a time o emergin Swiss patriotism an increasin creeticism o the Swiss mercenary seestem, he attendit the Varsity o Vienna an the Varsity o Basel, a scholarly centre o Renaissance humanism. He conteena'd his studies while he served as a pastor in Glarus an later in Einsiedeln, whaur he wis influenced bi the writins o Erasmus.
|Born||1 Januar 1484|
Wildhaus, Canton o St. Gallen, Swiss Confederation
|Died||11 October 1531 (aged 47)|
Kappel, Canton o Zurich, Swiss Confederation
In 1519, Zwingli becam the pastor o the Grossmünster in Zürich whaur he begoud tae preach ideas on reform o the Catholic Kirk. In his first public controversy in 1522, he attacked the custom o fastin in Lent. In his publications, he notit corruption in the ecclesiastical hierarchy, promotit clerical mairiage, an attacked the uise o eemages in places o worship. In 1525, Zwingli introduced a new communion leeturgy tae replace the Mess. Zwingli an aw clashed wi the Anabaptists, that resultit in their persecution. Historians hae debatit whether or nae he turned Zürich intae a theocracy.
The Reformation spreid tae ither pairts o the Swiss Confederation, but several cantons resistit, preferrin tae remeen Catholic. Zwingli formed an alliance o Reformed cantons that dividit the Confederation alang releegious lines. In 1529, a war atween the twa sides wis avertit at the last maument. Meanwhile, Zwingli's ideas cam tae the attention o Martin Luther an ither reformers. Thay met at the Marburg Colloquy an awtho thay agreed on mony pynts o doctrine, thay coud nae reach an accord on the doctrine o the Real Presence o Christ in the Eucharist.
In 1531 Zwingli's alliance applee'd an unsuccessfu fuid blockade on the Catholic cantons. The cantons respondit wi an attack at a maument whan Zürich wis ill-prepared. Zwingli dee'd on the battlefield. His legacy leeves on in the confessions, leeturgy, an kirk orders o the Reformed kirks o the day.
- Huldrych pronunciation: [ˈhʊltraɪç]; Ulrich: [ˈʊlrɪç]; Zwingli: //, [ˈtsvɪŋli] (Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary: "Zwingli").
- Potter 1976, p. 1. Accordin tae Potter, "Huldrych" wis the spellin Zwingli preferred. Houiver, Potter uises "Ulrich", while Gäbler, Stephens, an Furcha uise "Huldrych". His seegnatur at the Marburg Colloquy wis Laitinised name "Huldrychus Zwinglius" (Bainton 1995, p. 251). For mair on his name, see Rother, Rea. "Huldrych - Ulrich" (in German). Evangelisch-reformierte Landeskirche des Kantons Zürich. Retrieved 2014-03-02.
- Robert Walton, Zwingli's Theocracy (Toronto University Press. 1967).