Herculaneum (in modren Italian Ercolano) wis an auncient Roman toun destroyed bi volcanic pyroclastic flows in 79 A.D., locatit in the territory o the day's commune o Ercolano, in the Italian region o Campanie in the shadow o Munt Vesuvius.

010319 25 Ercolano scavi.JPG
The excavations of Ercolano
Herculaneum is locatit in Italy
Shawn within Italy
LocationErcolano, Campanie, Italy
Coordinates40°48′22″N 14°20′54″E / 40.8060°N 14.3482°E / 40.8060; 14.3482Coordinates: 40°48′22″N 14°20′54″E / 40.8060°N 14.3482°E / 40.8060; 14.3482
Foondit6t-7t century BC
Abandoned79 AD
Offeecial nameAirchaeological Auries o Pompeii, Herculaneum, an Torre Annunziata
Criteriaiii, iv, v
Designatit1997 (21st session)
Reference no.829
RegionEurope an North Americae

It is maist famous for havin been lost, alang wi Pompeii, Stabiae, Oplontis an the neighbourhuid o Monte Bursaccio in Boscoreale, in the eruption o Munt Vesuvius in AD 79 which buried it in superheatit pyroclastic material. It is an aa famous as ane o the few auncient ceeties that can nou be seen in almaist its oreeginal splendour, acause unlik Pompeii, its burial wis deep enough tae ensure the upper storeys o biggins remained intact, an the hetter ash preserved widden hoosehauld objects such as beds an doors an even fuid. Mairower Herculaneum wis a wealthier toun than Pompeii wi an extraordinary density o fine hooses, an far mair lavish uise o coloured marble claddin. The discovery in recent years o some 300 skeletons alang the sea shore came as a surprise syne it haed been assumed that the toun itself wis lairgely evacuatit.