Heinrich Luitpold Himmler (German: [ˈhaɪnʁɪç ˈluˑɪtˌpɔlt ˈhɪmlɐ] ( listen); 7 October 1900 – 23 Mey 1945) wis Reichsführer o the Schutzstaffel (SS), a militar commander, an a leadin member o the Nazi Pairty (NSDAP) o Nazi Germany. Nazi leader Adolf Hitler later appyntit him Commander o the Replacement (Home) Airmy an General Plenipotentiary for the admeenistration o the entire Third Reich (Generalbevollmächtigter für die Verwaltung). Himmler wis ane o the maist pouerfu men in Nazi Germany an ane o the persons maist directly responsible for the Holocaust.

Heinrich Himmler
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-S72707, Heinrich Himmler.jpg
Reichsführer-SS Collar Rank.svg Reichsführer-SS
In office
6 Januar 1929 – 29 Aprile 1945
LeaderAdolf Hitler
Precedit biErhard Heiden
Succeedit biKarl Hanke
Chief o German Police in the Reich Meenistry o the Interior
In office
17 Juin 1936 – 29 Aprile 1945
LeaderAdolf Hitler
Precedit biOffice established
Succeedit biKarl Hanke
Reich Commissioner for the Strengthening o German Nationhood
In office
7 October 1939 – 29 Aprile 1945
LeaderAdolf Hitler
Precedit biOffice established
Succeedit biNone
Director o the Reich Main Security Office (actin)
In office
4 Juin 1942 – 30 Januar 1943
Precedit biReinhard Heydrich
Succeedit biErnst Kaltenbrunner
Reich Meenister o the Interior
In office
24 August 1943 – 29 Aprile 1945
ChancellorAdolf Hitler
Precedit biWilhelm Frick
Succeedit biWilhelm Stuckart
Personal details
BornHeinrich Luitpold Himmler
7 October 1900[1]
Munich, Bavarie, Germany
Dee'd23 Mey 1945(1945-05-23) (aged 44)
Lüneburg, Lawer Saxony, Germany
Poleetical pairtyNaitional Socialist German Workers' Pairty (NSDAP)
Spoose(s)Margarete Bode
BairnsGudrun, Helge, Nanette Dorotha
Alma materTechnical Varsity Munich
CabinetHitler Cabinet
ReligionLapsed Catholic
Militar service
AllegianceGerman Empire German Empire
Years o service1917–1918
Unit11t Bavarian Infantry Regiment
Battles/warsWarld War I