Karl Gunnar Myrdal (Swadish: [ˈmyːɖɑːl]; 6 December 1898 – 17 Mey 1987) wis a Swadish economist, sociologist an politeecian. In 1974, he received the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences wi Friedrich Hayek for "thair pioneerin wirk in the theory o money an economic fluctuations an for thair penetratin analysis o the interdependence o economic, social an institutional phenomena."[1] He is best kent in the Unitit States for his study o race relations, which culminatit in his beuk An American Dilemma: The Negro Problem and Modern Democracy. The study wis influential in the 1954 laundmerk U.S. Supreme Coort Decision Brown v. Board of Education. In Swaden his wirk an poleetical influence war important tae the establishment o the Folkhemmet an the welfare state.

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Gunnar Myrdal
Gunnar Myrdal 1964 002 (cropped).jpg
Gunnar Myrdal in Januar 1964
BornKarl Gunnar Myrdal
6 December 1898(1898-12-06)
Gustafs, Dalarna, Swaden
Died17 Mey 1987(1987-05-17) (aged 88)
Danderyd, Swaden
Alma materStockholm Varsity
Kent forMonetary equilibrium,


Circular cumulative causation
Hauf-marrae(s)Alva Myrdal (m. 1924)
AwairdsNobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (1974)[1]
Bronislaw Malinowski Awaird (1975)
Scientific career
FieldsEconomics, Politics, Sociology
InstitutionsNYU, Stockholm Varsity
Doctoral advisorGustav Cassel
Doctoral studentsRudolf Meidner
InfluencesKnut Wicksell
John R. Commons[2]
InfluencedHa-Joon Chang


  1. 1.0 1.1 "The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1974". NobelPrize.org. Retrieved 2009-11-27.[deid airtin]
  2. Walter A. Jackson, Gunnar Myrdal and America's Conscience: Social Engineering and Racial Liberalism, 1938–1987, UNC Press Books, 1994, p. 62.