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The Greek alphabet haes been uised tae write the Greek leid syne the 8t century BC.[2]

Greek alphabet
Leids Greek
Time period
c. 800 BCE – present[1]
Parent systems
Child seestems
Direction Left-to-right
ISO 15924 Grek, 200
Unicode alias


Letter Name Soond
Auncient[3] Modren[4]
Α α alpha, άλφα [a] [] [a]
Β β beta, βήτα [b] [v]
Γ γ gamma, γάμμα [ɡ] [ɣ] ~ [ʝ]
Δ δ delta, δέλτα [d] [ð]
Ε ε epsilon, έψιλον [e] [e]
Ζ ζ zeta, ζήτα [zd]A [z]
Η η eta, ήτα [ɛː] [i]
Θ θ theta, θήτα [] [θ]
Ι ι iota, ιώτα [i] [] [i]
Κ κ kappa, κάππα [k] [k] ~ [c]
Λ λ lambda, λάμδα [l] [l]
Μ μ mu, μυ [m] [m]
 A Or [dz].[5]
Letter Name Soond
Auncient[3] Modren[4]
Ν ν nu, νυ [n] [n]
Ξ ξ xi, ξι [ks] [ks]
Ο ο omicron, όμικρον [o] [o]
Π π pi, πι [p] [p]
Ρ ρ rho, ρώ [r] [r]
Σ σ/ς[6] sigma, σίγμα [s] [s]
Τ τ tau, ταυ [t] [t]
Υ υ upsilon, ύψιλον [y] [] [i]
Φ φ phi, φι [] [f]
Χ χ chi, χι [] [x] ~ [ç]
Ψ ψ psi, ψι [ps] [ps]
Ω ω omega, ωμέγα [ɔː] [o]


  1. Swiggers 1996.
  2. Cook 1987, p. 9.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Woodard 2008, pp. 15–17
  4. 4.0 4.1 Holton, Mackridge & Philippaki-Warburton 1998, p. 31
  5. Hinge 2001, pp. 212–234
  6. The letter sigma ⟨Σ⟩ hase twa different lawercase forms, ⟨σ⟩ an ⟨ς⟩, wi ⟨ς⟩ bein uised in wird-final poseetion an ⟨σ⟩ elsewhaur. (In some 19t-century typesettin, ⟨ς⟩ wis an aa uised wird-medially at the end o a compoond morpheme, e.g. "δυςκατανοήτων", markin the morpheme boondary atween "δυς-κατανοήτων" ("difficult tae unnerstaund"); modren standard practice is tae spell "δυσκατανοήτων" wi a non-final sigma.) Nicholas, Nick (2004). "Sigma: final versus non-final". Retrieved 2012-07-15. 


  • Cook, B. F. (1987). Greek inscriptions. University of California Press/British Museum. 
  • Hinge, George (2001). Die Sprache Alkmans: Textgeschichte und Sprachgeschichte (Ph.D.). University of Aarhus. 
  • Swiggers, Pierre (1996). "Transmission of the Phoenician Script to the West". In Daniels; Bright. The World's Writing Systems. Oxford: University Press. pp. 261–270. 
  • Holton, David; Mackridge, Peter; Philippaki-Warburton, Irini (1998). Grammatiki tis ellinikis glossas. Athens: Pataki. 
  • Woodard, Roger D. (2008). "Attic Greek". In Woodard, Roger D. The ancient languages of Europe. Cambridge: University Press. pp. 14–49.