Gnosticism (frae Auncient Greek: γνωστικός gnostikos, "learned", frae γνῶσις gnōsis, knowledge) is a modren term categorising a collection o auncient releegions whose adherents shunned the material warld – which they viewed as creatit bi the demiurge – an embraced the spiritual warld.
- On the complexity o gnosticism, see Larry W. Hurtado (2005). Lord Jesus Christ: Devotion to Jesus in Earliest Christianity. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. pp. 519–561.