The Giro d'Italia (Italian pronunciation: [ˈdʒiːro diˈtaːlja]; Scots: Tour o Italy) is an annual stage race bicycle race primarily held in Italy, while an aa occasionally passin through nearbi kintras.[1] The race wis first organized in 1909 tae increase sales o the newspaper La Gazzetta dello Sport;[1][2] however it is currently run bi RCS Sport.[3][4] The race haes been held annually syne its first edeetion in 1909, except when it wis stopped for the twa warld wars.[1] As the Giro gained prominence an popularity the race wis lengthened, an the peloton expandit frae primarily Italian participation tae riders frae aw ower the warld. The Giro is a UCI Warld Tour event, which means that the teams that compete in the race are maistly UCI Proteams, wi the exception o the teams that the organizers can invite.[5][6]

Giro d'Italia
Race details
RegionItaly an nearby kintras
English nameTour o Italy
Local name(s)Giro d'Italia (in Italian)
CompetitionUCI Warld Tour
TypeGrand Tour
OrganiserRCS Sport
Race directorMichele Acquarone
First edeetion1909 (1909)
Edeetions101 (as o 2018)
First winner Luigi Ganna (ITA)
Maist wins
5 wins
Maist recent Chris Froome (GBR)

Alang wi the Tour de France an Vuelta a España, the Giro maks up cyclin's prestigious three-week-lang Grand Tours.[1][7] The Giro is uisually held durin late Mey an early Juin.[1] While the route chynges each year, the format o the race stays the same, wi the appearance o at least twa time trials, the passage through the muntains o the Alps,[8] includin the Dolomites,[9][10] an the finish in the Italian ceety o Milan.[11][12] Like the ither Grand Tours, the modren edeetions o the Giro d'Italia normally consist o 21 day-long segments (stages) ower a 23-day period that includes 2 rest days.[1]

Aw o the stages are timed tae the finish. Efter finishin the riders' times are compoondit wi thair previous stage times. The rider wi the lawest aggregate time is the leader o the race an gets tae don the covetit pink jersey.[1][13] While the general classification gathers the maist attention thare are ither contests held within the Giro: the pynts classification for the sprinters,[13] the muntains classification for the climbers,[13] young rider classification for the riders unner the age o 25,[13] an the team classification for the competin teams.[13] The 2013 edeetion o the race wis wan bi Italian rider Vincenzo Nibali.


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Gregg Seltzer (26 May 2011). "The History of the Giro d'Italia". Livestrong. Retrieved 30 July 2012.
  2. "Tour d'Italie ou Giro d'Italia" (in French). 30 March 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2012. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)
  3. McGann, Bill; McGann, Carol. "1909 Giro d'Italia". Bike Race Info. Dog Ear Publishing. Retrieved 30 July 2012.
  4. "RCS Sport". RCSMediaGroup. RCS MediaGroup S.p.A. 24 January 2013. Retrieved 20 June 2013.
  5. "2012 - 2013 UCI Road Calendar". Union Cycliste Internationale. Union Cycliste Internationale. Retrieved 6 June 2013.
  6. Nigel Wynn (2 November 2011). "UCI WorldTour calendar 2012". Cycling Weekly. IPC Media Limited. Retrieved 6 August 2012.
  7. "Million dollar, baby!". Cycling News. Future Publishing Limited. 12 January 2007. Retrieved 21 May 2011.
  8. "Ryder Hesjedal in pink as Giro d'Italia hits the Alps". Perth Now. News Ltd. 20 May 2012. Retrieved 30 July 2012.
  9. "Classic Climbs of the Dolomites Bike Tours, Biking Trips, & Bicycle Vacations of a Lifetime". Trek Travel. Trek Travel, LLC. Retrieved 30 July 2012.
  10. 8 August 2011 (8 August 2011). "Giro d'Italia in the Dolomites". BikePlusTours. Retrieved 30 July 2012.
  11. "Giro d'Italia". Milan Tourism. Milano City. 5 May 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  12. "May 27, Stage 21: Milan (ITT) 31.5km". Cycling News. Future Publishing Limited. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 13.4 Laura Weislo (13 May 2008). "Giro d'Italia classifications demystified". Cycling News. Future Publishing Limited. Retrieved 27 August 2009.

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