Gaston o Fraunce, Duke o Orléans

(Reguidit frae Gaston, Duke of Orléans)

Gaston o Fraunce, Son o Fraunce, Duke o Orléans (Gaston Jean Baptiste; 24 Aprile 1608 – 2 Februar 1660), wis the third son o Keeng Henry IV o Fraunce an his wife Marie de' Medici. He wis the Duke o njou frae birth but wis then creautit the Duke o Orléans. He wis kent as Monsieur at his brither Louis XIII's coort. He lived at the Luxembourg Pailace for a while an renamed it the Palais d'Orléans. At his daith in 1660, the Dukedom went tae his nephew Philippe o Fraunce (anly brither o Louis XIV o Fraunce) His grandson, the last Medici Grand Duke o Tuscany, Gian Gastone de' Medici wis named in his honour. He is credited wi bein amang the first tae uise the style o Ryal Highness.

Gaston o Fraunce
Full length portrait painting of Gaston of France, Duke of Orléans in 1634 by Anthony van Dyck (Musée Condé).jpg
Gaston in 1634 bi Anthony van Dyck.
Duke o Orléans
Ring6 August 1626 – 2 Februar 1660
Born24 Apryle 1608(1608-04-24)
Pailace o Fontainebleau, France
Dee'd2 Februar 1660(1660-02-02) (aged 51)
Château de Blois, France
BuirialRyal Basilica, Saunt Denis
SpouseMarie de Bourbon
Marguerite o Lorraine
Anne Marie Louise, Duchess o Montpensier
Marguerite Louise, Grand Duchess o Tuscany
Isabelle, Duchess o Guise
Françoise Madeleine, Duchess o Savoy
Jean Gaston, Duke o Valois
Marie Anne, Mademoiselle de Chartres
Full name
Gaston Jean Baptiste de France
HooseBourbons o Fraunce
FaitherHenry IV o Fraunce
MitherMarie de' Medici
ReleegionRoman Catholicism
SeegnaturGaston o Fraunce's signature
Coat of arms of the Duke of Orléans with the coronet of a "Son of France" (Order of the Holy Spirit).svg

First mairiageEedit

Gaston mairit firstly on 6 August 1626, in Nantes tae Marie de Bourbon, Duchess o Montpensier, dochter an heiress o Henri de Bourbon, Duke o Montpensier. Thay haed ane dochter.


  1. Anne Marie Louise d'Orléans, Duchess o Montpensier (29 Mey 1627 – 5 Aprile 1693), kent Mademoiselle de Montpensier, n later La Grande Mademoiselle. mairit Antonin Nompar de Caumont, Duke o Lauzun in seacret.

Secoint mairiageEedit

In a secret ceremony Nancy during the nicht o 2–3 Januar 1632, Gaston mairit Marguerite o Lorraine.


  1. Marguerite Louise d'Orléans (28 Julie 1645 – 17 September 1721) mairit Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke o Tuscany an haed issue.
  2. Élisabeth Marguerite d'Orléans (26 December 1646 – 17 Mairch 1696) mairit Louis Joseph o Lorraine, Duke o Guise an haed issue.
  3. Françoise Madeleine d'Orléans (13 October 1648 – 14 Januar 1664) mairit Charles Emmanuel II o Savoy nae issue.
  4. Jean Gaston d'Orléans, Duke o Valois (17 August 1650 – 10 August 1652) died in infancy.
  5. Marie Anne d'Orléans (9 November 1652 – 17 August 1656) died in infancy.

Teetles an stylesEedit

  • 24 Aprile 1608 - 6 August 1626 The Duke o Anjou, Son o Fraunce.
  • 6 August 1626 – 2 Februar 1660 The Duke o Orléans, Son o Fraunce.

Ither teetlesEedit

  • Duke o Chartres, Duke o Valois, Duke o Alençon, Coont o Blois, Coont o Montlhery, Coont o Limours, Baron o Amboise, Laird o Montargis.

Ither wabsteidsEedit

  Media relatit tae Gaston o Fraunce, Duke o Orléans at Wikimedia Commons