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Coordinates: 1°S 12°E / 1°S 12°E / -1; 12

Gabonese Republic
République gabonaise  (French)
Motto: "Union, Travail, Justice" (French)
"Union, Work, Justice"
Anthem: La Concorde
The Concord
Location o  Gabon  (daurk blue) – in Africae  (licht blue & daurk grey) – in the African Union  (licht blue)
Location o  Gabon  (daurk blue)

– in Africae  (licht blue & daurk grey)
– in the African Union  (licht blue)

Caipital Libreville
0°23′N 9°27′E / 0.383°N 9.450°E / 0.383; 9.450
Lairgest ceety capital
Offeecial leids French
Vernacular leids
Ethnic groups (2000)
  • Gabonese
  • Gabonaise
Govrenment Dominant-pairty presidential republic
• Preses
Ali Bongo Ondimba
Emmanuel Issoze-Ngondet
Legislatur Pairlament
Naitional Assembly
• frae Fraunce
August 17, 1960
• Total
267,667 km2 (103,347 sq mi) (76th)
• Water (%)
• 2009 estimate
1,475,000[1] (150t)
• Density
5.5/km2 (14.2/sq mi) (216t)
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
• Total
$36.218 billion[2]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2016 estimate
• Tot
$14.563 billion[2]
• Per capita
Gini (2005) 41.5[3]
HDI (2015) Increase 0.697[4]
medium · 109th
Currency Central African CFA franc (XAF)
Time zone UTC+1 (WAT)
Drivin side right
Cawin code +241
ISO 3166 code GA
Internet TLD .ga
  1. Includin 10,700 French naitionals an 11,000 persons o dual naitionality.

Gabon (/[unsupported input]ɡəˈbɒn/; French pronunciation: ​[ɡabɔ̃]), offeecially the Gabonese Republic is a state in wast central Africae sharin borders wi Equatorial Guinea tae the northwast, Cameroon tae the north, an wi the Republic o the Congo curvin aroond the east an sooth. The Gulf o Guinea, an airm o the Atlantic Ocean is tae the wast. It covers a land aurie o nearly 270,000 km² an haes an estimatit population o 1,500,000. Its caipital an lairgest ceety is Libreville.

Syne its unthrildom frae Fraunce on August 17, 1960, Gabon haes been ruled bi three presidents. In the early 1990s, Gabon introduced a multi-pairty seestem an a new democratic constitution that alloued for a mair transparent electoral process an reformed mony governmental institutions. Gabon is an aa a non-permanent member o the Unitit Naitions Security Cooncil for the 2010-2011 term. The sma population density thegither wi abundant naitural resoorces an foreign private investment hae helped mak Gabon ane o the maist prosperous kintras in the region, wi the heichest HDI in Sub-Saharan Africae.[5]


  1. Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division (2009). "World Population Prospects, Table A.1" (PDF). 2008 revision. United Nations. Retrieved March 12, 2009. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Gabon". International Monetary Fund. 
  3. "GINI index". World Bank. Retrieved 20 April 2016. 
  4. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 21 March 2017. 
  5. "Human Development Indices: A statistical update 2008 - HDI rankings". Human Development Reports. United Nations Development Programme. 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-25. [deid airtin]