Fritz Haber (German: [ˈhaːbɐ]; 9 December 1868 – 29 Januar 1934) wis a German chemist wha received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1918 for his invention o the Haber–Bosch process, a method uised in industry tae synthesize ammonia frae nitrogen gas an hydrogen gas. This invention is o importance for the lairge-scale synthesis o fertilizers an explosives. The fuid production for hauf the warld's current population depends on this method for producin nitrogen fertilizers. Haber, alang wi Max Born, proponed the Born–Haber cycle as a method for evaluatin the lattice energy o an ionic solit.
Fritz Haber, c. 1919
|Born||9 December 1868|
|Died||29 Januar 1934 (aged 65)|
|Alma mater||Varsity o Heidelberg, Humboldt Varsity o Berlin|
Technical Varsity o Berlin
|Kent for||Haber process|
Seicont Battle o Ypres
|Hauf-marrae(s)||Clara Immerwahr (1901–1915; her daith; 1 bairn)|
Charlotte Nathan (1917–1927; divorced; 2 bairns)
|Awairds||Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1918)|
Rumford Medal (1932)
|Institutions||Swiss Federal Institute o Technology|
Varsity o Karlsruhe
|Doctoral advisor||Robert Bunsen|
Haber is an aa conseedered the "faither o chemical warfare" for his years o pioneerin wirk developin an wappenizin chlorine an ither poisonous gases during Warld War I, especially his actions during the Seicont Battle o Ypres.