Fritz Haber (German: [ˈhaːbɐ]; 9 December 1868 – 29 Januar 1934) wis a German chemist wha received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1918 for his invention o the Haber–Bosch process, a method uised in industry tae synthesize ammonia frae nitrogen gas an hydrogen gas. This invention is o importance for the lairge-scale synthesis o fertilizers an explosives. The fuid production for hauf the warld's current population depends on this method for producin nitrogen fertilizers.[1] Haber, alang wi Max Born, proponed the Born–Haber cycle as a method for evaluatin the lattice energy o an ionic solit.

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Fritz Haber
Fritz Haber.png
Fritz Haber, c. 1919
Born9 December 1868(1868-12-09)
Breslau, Proushie
Died29 Januar 1934(1934-01-29) (aged 65)
Basel, Swisserland
Alma materVarsity o Heidelberg, Humboldt Varsity o Berlin
Technical Varsity o Berlin
Kent forHaber process
Born–Haber cycle
Haber–Weiss reaction
Chemical warfare
Seicont Battle o Ypres
Hauf-marrae(s)Clara Immerwahr (1901–1915; her daith; 1 bairn)
Charlotte Nathan (1917–1927; divorced; 2 bairns)
AwairdsNobel Prize in Chemistry (1918)
Rumford Medal (1932)
Scientific career
FieldsPheesical chemistry
InstitutionsSwiss Federal Institute o Technology
Varsity o Karlsruhe
Doctoral advisorRobert Bunsen

Haber is an aa conseedered the "faither o chemical warfare" for his years o pioneerin wirk developin an wappenizin chlorine an ither poisonous gases during Warld War I, especially his actions during the Seicont Battle o Ypres.


  1. Smil, Vaclav (2004). Enriching the Earth: Fritz Haber, Carl Bosch, and the Transformation of World Food Production. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. ISBN 9780262693134.[page needit]