Frederick V, Elector Palatine

Frederick V, Elector Palatine 26 August 1596 – 29 November 1632) wis the Elector Palatine o the Rhine in the Haly Roman Empire frae 1610 tae 1623, an reigned as King of Bohemia frae 1619 tae 1620. He wis forced tae abdicate baith roles, an the brevity o his reign in Bohemie earned him the derisive nickname "the Winter Keeng" (Czech: Zimní král; German: Winterkönig).

Frederick V
Kurfürst Friedrich V. von der Pfalz als König von Böhmen.jpg
Frederick wearing the Croun o Saunt Wenceslas, other Bohemian regalia and the collar of the Order o the Gairten. On the table is the Cap representing his separate office as Elector Palatine. Painted bi Gerrit von Honthorst in 1634.
Elector Palatine
Ring19 September 1610 – 23 Februar 1623
PredecessorFrederick IV
SuccessorCharles I Louis
Keeng o Bohemie (as Frederick I)
Reing26 August 1619 – 8 November 1620
Coronation4 November 1619
PredecessorFerdinand II, Haly Roman Emperor
SuccessorFerdinand II
Born26 August 1596(1596-08-26)
Deinschwang, near Amberg, Upper Palatinate
Dee'd29 November 1632(1632-11-29) (aged 36)
Mainz, Rhineland-Palatinate
SpouseElizabeth Stuart
HoosePalatine Simmern
FaitherFrederick IV, Elector Palatine
MitherLouise Juliana o Orange
T09 Herzog.svg
Coat of Arms of Frederick V of the Palatinate.svg


mairit Elizabeth Stuart on 14 Februar 1613 at the ryal chaipel at the Pailace o Whitehall. She wis a dochter o James VI, Keeng o Scots an sicweys sister tae Charles I, Keeng o Scots.


  1. Henry Frederick, Hereditary Prince o the Palatinate 1 Januar 1614 – 7 Januar 1629) died unmairit an haed nae issue.
  2. Charles I Louis, Elector Palatine (22 December 1617 – 28 August 1680) mairit Landgravine Charlotte o Hesse-Kassel an haed issue. Mairit Marie Luise von Degenfeld an haed issue. Mairit Elisabeth Hollander von Bernau but haed nae issue.
  3. Princess Elisabeth o the Palatinate (26 December 1618 – 11 Februar 1680) nun.
  4. Prince Ruprecht o the Palainate, Duke o Cumberland (17 December 1619 – 29 November 1682) niver mairit but haed illegitimate issue.
  5. Prince Moritz o the Palatinate (16 Januar 1621 – September 1652) niver mairit.
  6. Princess Luise Hollandine o the Palatinate (18 Aprile 1622 – 11 Februar 1709) nun an niver mairit.
  7. Prince Ludwig o the Palatinate (1623–1624), died in infancy.
  8. Prince Eduard o the Palatinate (5 October 1625 – 10 Mairch 1663) mairit Anna Gonzaga an haed issue.
  9. Princess Henriette Marie o the Palatinate (17 Julie 1626– 18 September 1651) mairit Sigismund Rákóczi but haed nae issue.
  10. Prince Philipp o the Palatinate 16 September 1627 – 16 December 1650) niver mairit.
  11. Princess Charlotte o the Palatinate 19 December 1628 – 14 Januar 1631) died young.
  12. Princess Sophia o the Palatinate 4 October 1630 – 8 Juin 1714) mairit Ernest Augustus, Elector o Hanover an haed issue, wis mither o Keeng George I o Great Breetain.
  13. Prince Gustav Adolph o the Palatinate 14 Januar 1632 – 9 Januar 1641) died young.

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