Liszt in Mairch 1886, photographed fower months afore his daith bi Felix Nadar

Franz Liszt (born Franz Joseph Liszt) (German pronunciation: [ˈfʁants ˈlɪst]; Hungarian: Liszt Ferencz, in modren uisage Liszt Ferenc, pronoonced [ˈlist ˈfɛrɛnt͡s];[n 1] 22 October 1811 – Julie 31, 1886) wis a proleefic 19t-century Hungarian componer, virtuoso pianist, conductor, muisic teacher, arranger, organist, philanthropist, author, naitionalist an a Franciscan tertiary.

Liszt gained renawn in Europe in the early nineteenth century for his prodigious virtuosic skill as a pianist. He wis a friend, muisical promoter an benefactor tae mony componers o his time, includin Frédéric Chopin, Richard Wagner, Hector Berlioz, Robert Schumann, Camille Saint-Saëns, Edvard Grieg, Ole Bull, Joachim Raff, Mikhail Glinka, an Alexander Borodin.[1]

A prolific componer, Liszt wis ane o the maist prominent representatives o the New German School (Neudeutsche Schule). He left ahint an extensive an diverse bouk o wark that influenced his forrit-leukin contemporaries an anticipatit 20t-century ideas an trends. Amang Liszt's muisical contreibutions war the symphonic poem, developin thematic transformation as pairt o his experiments in muisical form, an radical innovations in hermony.[2]


  1. Liszt's Hungarian passport spelt his gien name as "Ferencz". An orthographic reform o the Hungarian leid in 1922 (which wis 36 years efter Liszt's death) chynged the letter "cz" to simply "c" in aw wirds except surnames; this has led tae Liszt's gien name bein rendered in modren Hungarian uisage as "Ferenc". Frae 1859 tae 1867 he wis offeecially Franz Ritter von Liszt; he wis creatit a Ritter (knicht) bi Emperor Francis Joseph I in 1859, but never uised this teetle o nobility in public. The teetle wis necessary tae mairy the Princess Carolyne zu Sayn-Wittgenstein withoot her losin her privileges, but efter the mairiage fell throu, Liszt transferred the teetle tae his uncle Eduard in 1867. Eduard's son wis Franz von Liszt.


  1. Searle, New Grove, 11:29.
  2. Searle, New Grove, 11:28–29.